English Grammar

What is adjectives mean with types/description and examples

Adjectives

Words classified as adjectives  ( adjectives ) have the purpose to qualify, modify and/or define a noun or a pronoun. Words like “empty”, “quicky”, “honest”, “attractive” and “cold” are some examples of adjectives. What is adjectives mean

In the English language, adjectives have some characteristics regarding the position occupied in the sentence and the gender and number, different from the Portuguese language, they are:

Adjectives are placed before the nouns that will qualify, modify or define in the sentence. For example, in the phrase “ I bought a small TV ” the correct way, in English, is to use the adjective “small” (small) before the noun and not as in Portuguese “I bought a small TV”, where the adjective appears after the substantive.

Examples

  • My sister wants a green dress to go to the party today. (My sister wants a green dress to go to the party today)
  • The girl likes to read horror books at night. (The girl likes to read horror books at night)
  • Carlos wants to sell his fast motorcycle. (Carlos wants to sell his fast bike)
  • My father has a beautiful girlfriend. (My dad has a beautiful girlfriend)
  • I want to buy a small car. (I want to buy a small car) Adjectives in English Grammar with examples

Adjectives are used after link verbs, that is, the adjective is linked to the noun by the link verb.

Examples:

  • Bob is a calm teacher. The students like him. (Bob is a calm teacher. Students like him)
  • Their brother is calm and shy. (Their brother is calm and shy)
  • That book is interesting. Do you want to read? (That book is interesting. Do you want to read it?)
  • I am tired, it is time to sleep. (I’m tired, it’s time to sleep)
  • He is able to do this. (He is able to do that)

Adjectives have no gender difference, that is, they can be used for both sexes, remaining with the same spelling regardless of whether the word is feminine or masculine.
Examples:

  • The boy is blond. (The boy is blond)
  • The girl is blond. (The girl is blonde)
  • João is beautiful and smart, I love him. (João is handsome and smart, I like him)
  • Paula is beautiful and smart, I love her. (Paula is beautiful and smart, I like her)

English adjectives do not vary in number, that is, they do not change according to the quantity and remain with the same spelling, even with the plural noun.

Examples: What is adjectives mean

  • Her cousin has a red car. (Her cousin has a red car)
  • My red jackets are dirty . (My red jackets are dirty)
  • His father and his mother traveled in a large ship. (Her father and mother traveled on a large ship)
  • There are large houses in this neighborhood. (There are big houses in this neighborhood)

Therefore, adjectives have the function of classifying a noun or a pronoun giving it some attribute. They are used in sentences before nouns and after connecting verbs, in addition to not varying according to gender and number.

Types of adjectives

In English we can find six types of adjectives , which are:

Qualifiers What is adjectives mean

This type of adjective is the most used in our daily lives, since they are those that are in charge of pointing out a characteristic or quality of the noun they modify. Example:

  • Ricardo Noguera has bought a black car 
  • weak team defeated Real Madrid 

Demonstrative

They are those that we use to determine the location of things in space , these adjectives are used differently from Spanish, since in this the proximity or distance is determined with the words ” That, This and That “, and in English They only have two degrees of proximity, ” This ” is used for what is close and ” That ” for what is further away. Example: What is adjectives mean

  • That house is expensive 
  • This car is dirty 
  • These apples are cheap 
  • Those boys are my friends 

Quantitative

They are those that qualify the noun in a non-precise way , they are also called as extensive adjectives, some of them are “much, many, some, any”. Example:

  • Would you like some coffee? 
  • Do you have any questions? 
  • Any fool can do that 

Interrogatives

These types of adjectives are used to formulate questions , in the same way that they are used in Spanish, and these can vary their function depending on the type of question you want to ask. Example:

  • What tea do you prefer? 
  • Which movie is your favorite? 
  • Whose is the pen? 

Possessive

They are those that refer to every subject who possesses and not to what is possessed , and are ” my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their “. Example: What is adjectives mean

  • I like my job 
  • What is your name? 

Numerals

They are all those that determine or indicate the presence of a certain or indeterminate number of elements. Example:

  • I have bought ten eggs 
  • I have bought some mangoes 

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