Plan of San Luis
The San Luis Plan was a plan proposed on October 5, 1910 by Francisco I. Madero, leader of the Mexican revolutionary movement, whose purpose was to initiate a popular uprising against the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz .
Madero, from his exile, summoned Mexicans to take up arms on November 20, 1910 in the afternoon, against the Diaz dictatorship, to establish a democracy with free elections.
In addition, the plan proposed the return of land to the peasants, which had been seized by the large landowners.
Through this plan, the revolutionary leader laid the foundations of the Mexican Revolution , managing to end the government of Porfirio Díaz and winning the presidential elections of 1911 .
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Important points of the San Luis Plan
Among the highlights of the San Luis Plan, we can mention:
- The declaration of nullity of the presidential elections held in July 1910, which had given Porfirio Díaz the winner.
- The ignorance of Porfirio Díaz as president of Mexico.
- The appointment of Madero as provisional president of Mexico, until democratic elections were held.
- Reverse the effects of the vacant lands law , which had affected a large part of the peasant population, dispossessing them of their lands.
- Carry out the call for the armed uprising in November of the same year.
- Propose the principle of presidential non-reelection .
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The main consequences of the San Luis Plan were the following:
- Several uprisings and armed demonstrations against Porfirio Díaz began in different towns and cities of Mexico.
- A conspiracy against Díaz was discovered in the city of Puebla, where its revolutionary leader Aquiles Serdán was assassinated.
- The Treaty of Ciudad Juárez was signed on May 21, 1911, along with the resignation of the Porfirio Díaz regime .
- Francisco I. Madero was elected president in the Mexican elections of 1911.
- A period of political instability began in Mexico , which led to the coup called Decena Tragica , which occurred on February 19, 1913, where President Madero was overthrown and assassinated.