Linguistic Terms

Object of a preposition

Object of a preposition?

The object of a preposition (object of a preposition) is formed by the words that are after the preposition within a sentence.

  • The dog is under the car – The dog is under the car

In this case, the preposition is the word under and the object of the preposition is the common noun car.

  • My parents live in Europe – My parents live in Europe

In the previous example the preposition is the word in and the object of the preposition is the noun Europe itself .

The prepositional object can be defined in a few words by saying that it is a noun phrase preceded by a preposition that performs some kind of grammatical function. It is very common that textbooks also appear as a prepositional complement, a name that encompasses all the possibilities that a prepositional phrase has to perform in the sentence some kind of independent function.

The prepositional object can appear both in the subject and in the predicate, and can perform several different syntactic functions.

Within the subject, the most common function is to complement the name. It usually appears attached to the nominal core, although it is not required to do so. We can take a look at the following examples:

New Year’s Day is one of my favorites
My father’s new car is huge
Rice with seafood is my favorite dish

When the objects of the preposition are words that fall within the grammatical category of nouns, there is no variation with respect to a common sentence. It is easy to identify with the naked eye what the object of the preposition is.

Object of a preposition: Who and whom

The use of who and whom can be a bit confusing, but it is the same case as with the word I / me, he / him, she / her.

  • This is the guy to whom I owe some money – That’s the guy I owe some money to

In this case, Whom plays the role of object after the preposition to. The pronoun I is not the object in this case.Pronouns as objects of a preposition:

In many cases, it is the pronoun that acts as the object of the preposition and when this happens it is essential to use the pronoun in its objective form. Below you will see the list of pronouns with their corresponding objective form.

  • I: me
  • You: you
  • She: her
  • He: his
  • It: it
  • We: us
  • They: them

The following sentences will show you in context the correct use of the object of a preposition when it comes to a pronoun:

  • Correct use: Andy got angry when the ball fell on him – Andy got angry when the ball fell on him.
  • Incorrect use : Andy got angry when the ball fell on – Andy got angry when the ball fell on him.

In the first example, the preposition is on and the object of the preposition is the pronoun in its objective form him.

In the second used the pronoun I as if it were a subject, which is grammatically incorrect.

  • My mom gave Money to my brother and me to go to the movies

In this sentence we can see several examples of the object of a preposition.

  1. In the first part, the preposition is to and its object is brother.
  2. The second preposition we find is and and the object is the object pronoun me.
  3. Finally, the preposition is to and its corresponding object is movies.

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