The adjectives determiners are a large group of words, widely used in Spanish, which serve to indicate the position, quantity, possession, etc., of the noun. Examples of determinative adjectives would be ” your floor”, ” that car”, ” few birds”. They must match in gender and number with the noun. Determinative adjectives types with examples
Determinative adjectives are classified into articles (determinate and indeterminate), possessive, demonstrative, indefinite, numeral (cardinal, ordinal, multiples and partitive), interrogative, exclamatory and relative adjectives.
In some cases, there are indeterminate articles that can be confused with numerals (a, an).
Types of determinative adjectives and examples
They are specific articles: the, the, the, the, the. When the article “the” is preceded by the prepositions “to” and “from”, the contractions “from” and “to” are generated: “of the child”, “to the park”.
They indicate if the noun is known: “the forest”, “the lesson”, “the islands”.
They are indeterminate articles: one, one, one, one. They indicate that the noun is any, that is, unknown: “a girl”, “a train”, “some fruits”.
Possessive adjectives are my, your, his, our, our, your, your, my, your, our, our, yours, your, their. They indicate the person to whom the noun belongs: “my house”, “your book”, “her flowers”, “your friends”, “our parents”.
The following words are demonstrative adjectives: this, this, these, these, that, that, those, those, that, that, those and those. They indicate the position of the noun with respect to the speaker: “this table”, “that chair”, “that book”, “those swallows”.
They are adjectives that do not describe the noun, but can specify its scope roughly, not precisely. For example, some, quite, every, true, any, other, too much, more, same, a lot, no, other, little, two, several, etc.
Examples of undefined adjectives could be “ever”, “no body”, “anyone”, “too sweet”.
The numeral adjectives are those that indicate quantity in the noun. They are divided into cardinals, ordinals, multiples and partitives.
Cardinal numeral adjectives
They are cardinal adjectives: one, two, four, seven, nine, thirteen, eighteen, twenty, thirty-five, sixty, eighty-two, one hundred, two hundred, one thousand, one million, etc.
Ordinal numeral adjectives
Ordinal adjectives are words like: first, second, third, third, sixth, ninth, eleventh, thirteenth, fiftieth, hundredth, thousandth, etc. They indicate the position of the noun.
Numeral adjectives multiples
Partitive numeral adjectives
Partitive adjectives are also called divisors, and indicate a fraction or part of the whole: middle, middle, third, fourth, fifth, eleventh, twelfth, twentieth, thirtieth, hundredth, etc.
Examples of interrogative and exclamatory adjectives
Interrogative adjectives express questions to identify the noun and obtain information about qualities and quantities. They are what, what, how much and how much (and their plural forms): “what do you want to do?”, “How many girls will go?”, ” Which song?”. They are always written with a tilde.
Exclamatives are used to indicate intensity and emphasis in sentences; they have no meaning by themselves and are the same as the interrogatives: what, how much, how much (and in the plural). They are also accentuated: “how sweet!”, “How much light!”, “How many notebooks!”.
On some occasions, especially in literary language, the interrogative and exclamatory adjective how much is shortened: “How serious is it?”, “How far is it!”
Relative adjectives give information about the noun they accompany, and are whose, whose, whose, whose, how much, how much, how many, how many. Usually they are placed in front of the noun: “the ribbon whose color was blue”, “the singer whose song won a contest”.
Examples of sentences with determinative adjectives
Sentences with articles
- He reached the truck to the toilet, take one garbage bag.
- They want a cabin in the mountains.
- It’s time to go, as are the four in the morning.
- You can put the tangerines in the fridge.
- That’s the bad thing, you have to get up early to see the sunrise.
- We want some shoes like those yours.
- The Mariposa cow had a calf.
- Gustavo wants a papaya juice and I a lemonade.
- Will we see some friends in the recess.
- The peas come in one pod. Determinative adjectives types with examples
- The Incas had their capital in Cuzco.
- César likes the old, the used but well preserved.
- Francisco had an encounter in Vienna with a lady.
- They have the upper hand, but the boys are close.
- The goalkeeper says are some friends of Laura.
- The boys will go to the paddock of the herd Antonio.
Sentences with possessive adjectives
- They will come to my house this afternoon.
- Juan wants to wear your shirt at the meeting tonight.
- His house was in the historic center of the city.
- Elena will meet our grandmother at Luis’s house.
- Your friend is an excellent pianist.
- It was so cold that our hands were frozen.
- Susana will see her friends in the library.
- My shoes were kept in your closet.
- He wrote his book in our house.
Sentences with demonstrative adjectives
- This coat could serve that girl.
- Susana will stay in this room and Alfredo in that room.
- Marcos said he left these toys in that basket.
- We will see these horses run next Sunday.
- The fruits are more ripe on that apple tree.
- López likes those movies from the 1940s.
- We will go this way until we reach that hill.
- In those days we were all fans of chess.
- With those powders these muds were made .
Sentences with undefined adjectives
- Some day many people will come ae this beautiful place.
- In some cities they are preventing more cars than bicycles.
- Leonor ate too much turkey, but says she could still try any dessert.
- We come to this beach every year and we always say that we will go to other places.
- Cesar arrived a few minutes ago , the other students will arrive later.
- Eva says they are the same uniforms from last year.
- There is much noise and few nuts. Determinative adjectives types with examples
- No hiker has come this far down that trail.
- Lucas has seen several squirrels in the park, but none wanted to eat from his hand.
- The boys wear prepared respective chickens and some soft drinks.
Sentences with cardinal adjectives
- Juan was paid two hundred euros to do that job.
- His birthday is still fifteen days away.
- The Covid-19 pandemic has been going on for more than two hundred days, since March.
- Laura is thirty-two years old and Manuela is twenty-five .
- They are looking for a million pesos to buy that house.
- It only takes one egg to complete the dozen.
Sentences with ordinal adjectives
- Our team is going for the first place in this championship.
- Francisco is the eleventh child of that large family.
- You have to listen to the entire ninth symphony, it is so beautiful.
- They put all of Eduardo’s things in the third room.
- Roberto has been late for the hundredth time.
- Renata and Claudio are celebrating their fiftieth anniversary.
Sentences with multiple numeral adjectives
- Juan Manuel and Ramón asked for a double room .
- The boys think they can win in the triple jump.
- Compared to the previous year we will have a quintuple of fruits.
- You will have to put in quadruple effort to complete that task.
- Tonight at the cinema there will be a double feature.
Sentences with partitive adjectives
- The builders will not get even a fifth of the profits they expected.
- Raúl gave his better half to Pedro.
- You only have to put one hundredth part of bicarbonate in it.
- Marlene wants a quarter of the land.
- He did not win by a hundredth of a second.
- Only one- thirtieth of the budget has been spent .
Sentences with exclamatory and interrogative adjectives
- What a night more beautiful!
- How much madness in these Christmas parties!
- How many boys are in that room! Determinative adjectives types with examples
- How much beauty is seen in these seascapes!
- How much money do we need for the trip?
- ¿ What doctor will attend to our aunt?
- How many friends will go to Marta’s party?
Sentences with relative adjectives
- Ramona had a black dog whose name was Cachucha.
- It brought home as animal found abandoned on the street.
- It was a garden whose trees did not allow the house to be seen.
- If you want to win, capture as many pieces as you can.
- Aida was that girl whose house was in the center.
- That plant whose fruits are a bit bitter.