Syntax

Noun Phrase with identification with illustration

Noun Phrase

A noun phrase, or nominal (phrase), is a phrase that has a noun (or indefinite pronoun ) as a heading or performs the same grammatical function as a noun. Noun phrases are very common in many languages and can be the most common type of phrase. Noun phrases often function as verbal subjects and objects, as predicative expressions, and as complements to prepositions. Noun phrases can be embedded within each other; for example, the noun phrase some of its constituents contains the shorter noun phrase its constituents. Noun Phrase with identification 

The nominal phrase or noun phrase consists of a phrase that is formed from a name or noun, where this is the core of the phrase, and the rest of the words (whether they are articles, pronouns, other nouns, adjectives, etc. .), have the task of modifying, affecting or adding information or characteristics about that kernel. In other words, a noun phrase is a group of words that generally deals with the noun.

Identification of Noun Phrase

A noun phrase can be a single word-just the noun-or more than one word.

Some examples of noun phrases are underlined in the following sentences. The main noun appears in bold.

  1. The policy of the election year is uncomfortable for many people.
  2. Almost all sentences contain at least one noun phrase. “
  3. Current economic weakness may be a consequence of high energy prices.

Noun phrases can be identified by the possibility of pronoun substitution, as illustrated in the following examples. Noun Phrase with identification 

  1. This sentence contains two noun phrases.
  2. It contains them.
  3. The noun phrase of the subject that is present in this sentence is long.
  4. It is long.
  5. The phrases substantive can be embedded in other phrases substantive.
  6. They can be embedded in them.

A string of words that can be replaced by a single pronoun without making the sentence grammatically unacceptable is a noun phrase

Functions of noun phrases in the sentence

Nominal/determinant phrases are typically, also in German, the carriers of case characteristics. Accordingly, the phrases appear in different syntactic functions:

  • The subject of the sentence in

“[The tree] is tall”,

  • The object of the sentence in

“I see [the tree]”,

  • An attribute to another noun phrase in

“die Blätter [of the tree]”,

  • An adverbial, as in

“We waited [all evening]” (with the accusative as an adverbial case ) or

  • A predicative, as in

 “The tree is [a rooted plant]”.

Noun Phrase with identification

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