The lexeme is the root of a word . It is a lexical unit, that is, a constituent or section of a word, which contains part or all of the meaning .
Lexemes are the part of the word that contains the greatest weight of significance; some lexemes are considered words, although not in all cases it is like this: a lexeme by itself can form a word or, well, to a lexeme other constituent elements can be added to form words. Words in Spanish can then be formed as follows:
to. Some lexemes by themselves form a word . These lexemes can serve to form other new words by adding another lexeme or, well, one or more morphemes. These words work as the root of others.
Some examples of lexemes that form a word for themselves are:
Types of lexeme
They are also known as independent lexemes. It is the type of lexeme where the word itself coincides, in complete harmony, that is, it is not necessary that any morpheme be added to give meaning to the word.
These are those lexemes of a linked nature because they need one or more morphemes to complete their meaning. These accompanying morphemes will be responsible for providing essential information such as gender, person, time, number.
Differences between morphemes and lexemes
As we have already mentioned at the beginning, it is worth establishing clearly what are the differences between morphemes and lexemes , so that we do not fall into error or confusion:
- The morpheme is the minimum unit in which a word is broken down, both lexical and grammatical. When we talk about lexical type, considered as lexical morpheme, we can talk about lexeme, but not grammatically, because in this case it is considered syntactic morpheme .
- The lexical morpheme is the lexeme, minimum unit with lexical value. On the other hand, it contains grammatical morphemes, which are considered grammes , which are the ones that in turn contain the syntactic information only.
- A lexeme will always be considered a morpheme, but the opposite is not always the case.