Semantics

Homonyms and homophones/definitions/examples

Homonyms and homophones

Homonyms are all words that are spelled or pronounced the same, although their meanings are different from each other. Difference between Homonyms and homophones

Homophones are a type of homonym, since they are words that are pronounced the same although their writing and meanings differ.

Spelling Pronunciation Meaning
Homonyms They are written the same (homograph homonyms). Same. Different.
Homophones They are written differently. Same. Different.

What are homonyms?

The homonymous words are those that, although they have similar form (writing) or pronunciation, do not mean the same thing. Difference between Homonyms and homophones

Homonym comes from the Greek and is a word composed of the terms ὁμós (homos), which means equal, similar or similar and ὂνομα (onoma), which means name. Therefore, homonym refers to the same names or words.

In this sense, homonymous words are classified into two types:

  • Homograph homonyms : they are written the same, but have different meaning.
  • Homophone homonyms : they are pronounced the same, but have different meaning.

Examples of homonyms Difference between Homonyms and homophones

Homonyms Meanings
Bank
  • Furniture to sit on
  • Public or private institution for the administration of monetary resources.
Candle
  • Object of a combustible nature used to generate artificial light.
  • Part of a boat.
Capital
  • Main city of a country or province.
  • Tangible assets of a person or company.
lime
  • Proper name of the capital of Peru.
  • Citrus type.
  • Object to reduce or wear out surfaces.

What are homophones?

Homophone words are those that are pronounced the same, although their writing and their meanings are different. Difference between Homonyms and homophones

Homophone is a word of Greek origin that is made up of two terms: ὁμós (homos), which means common or equal, and φωνή (phōnḗ), sound. So its meaning would be “equal sounds”.

Examples of homophones Difference between Homonyms and homophones

Homophones Meanings
  • advice
  • Council
  • Suggestion or warning.
  • Institution of local power.
  • Toward
  • Asia
  • Preposition.
  • Proper name of a continent.
  • Baron
  • Male
  • Title of nobility.
  • Person of male sex and gender.
  • Beautiful
  • Hair
  • Person or thing with beauty.
  • Hair.

Difference between Homonyms and homophones

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