To know what language vices are, we have to bear in mind that variants are found in every language and because of this agreements are established to introduce new forms or words due to their general use. Language vices with examples in English
Language vices are those errors that escape the established norms, that is, some people make incorrect use of some words or expressions that are recognized as bad uses and that can cause communication problems.
What are the most common language vices – Examples
Although we can find many examples of language vices , we are going to point out the most common ones. The most common occur in oral language, but on some occasions we can also find them in texts. Here are the most frequent ones:
An archaism is when a sentence uses words that have disappeared from the language or that have other more modern and appropriate when expressing themselves. In the same way, the use of words that are already in disuse is also considered archaism. Here are some examples of archaisms:
- Curriculum (curriculum)
- Yantar (eat)
- Fermosura (beauty)
- Already days ago (many days ago)
- Talega (groceries)
- Worm (worm)
- Aquesto (this)
- Agora (now)
A barbarism is when a word is misspelled or pronounced . A very common one is to add an s to the end of the second person singular of the past simple. Let’s see an example of it to understand it better.
- Did you hear what I told you? (Barbarism)
- Did you hear what I told you? (Correct)
The pleonasm happens when used unnecessarily an expression or word. They cause redundancy in the text that is not needed. Although it is a vice of language, it is also a rhetorical figure used in literature to give emphasis to the text. Some examples of this vice of language:
- Climb up
- Down down
- Peek outside
- Round circle
Language changes rapidly, especially in today’s world where new terms appear every day. These, due to their novelty, are not found in the official language and therefore do not appear in dictionaries. Normally they occur in small communities of speakers who have the need to designate objects or actions that do not have a reference in the language. Some examples of these words are: Language vices with examples in English
- Balconing (jumping off a balcony)
- Burnout (work stress)
- Wearable (garment with electronic components)
- Timeline (posting history on a social network)
- Streaming (watch network content while downloading)
- Spoiler (uncover an important part of the plot of a work)
A vulgarism occurs when terms that do not exist because they are a deformation of the original are used. This can happen by the introduction or elimination of letters and phonemes with respect to the original word. Let’s see some:
- Of course (of course)
- Asin (like this)
- Abuja (Spire)
- Scratch (scratch)
- Cursed (cursed)
- Very much (much more)
- You see (go)
- We are (we are)
- Of which (when)
Although there are foreign words for all languages, the most common are those that come from English. These are some examples:
- A cappella (without musical accompaniment)
- Email (email)
- Backstage (backstage)
- Chef (head chef)
Appears when language is used inaccurately. That is, the person who expresses himself does not do it correctly because he does not use logic and does not respect the rules of syntax when writing or speaking. These are some examples:
- Of free (free)
- Said to him (Said to himself)
- Close to him (close to him)
- There have been (there has been)
Dequeism occurs when the preposition of in front of that when it is not necessary is prepended. It is a very widespread vice of language, especially orally. These are some examples of Decheism:
- He told me that he would come. (He told me he would come).
- They suspected that it was so. (They suspected it to be so).
- I think it’s okay. (I think it’s okay). Language vices with examples in English
- They recommended that they go home. (They recommended that they go home).
They are phrases or words that are included in the phrases without need. This vice is very widespread although it does not contribute anything to the phrase that is being expressed. Let’s look at some examples:
- In plan
- I explain?
- You understand?
- See you!