Language and Linguistics

Indo European languages with list and detail

Indo-European languages

Within the classification of languages, we find the Indo-European. Most of the languages ​​spoken in Europe and South Asia have a number of common features that indicate that they come from the same language family. We could say that the languages ​​that are part of it are the most widely spoken in the world. Indo European languages with list

Currently, more than 150 languages ​​are part of this Indo-European language family and have more than 3.2 billion speakers, which is 45 percent of the world’s population. Here, therefore, we see that it is one of the most important families in the world.

Indo-European languages have a common origin, although their origin is full of unknowns and hypotheses. One of the most widespread is that all the languages ​​that we know today and that are within these come from a common language called Indo-European.

This language was the one spoken by the peoples that were part of this social and cultural environment made up of a nomadic population that quickly established itself throughout the world. Their migrations soon covered a large area of ​​territory in what we know today as Europe and Asia.

On the other hand, another theory indicates that these could come from a great empire from which different peoples arose that separated after having coexisted unified in the past. That is, the different Indo-European languages ​​could come from a common language used in a great empire in which customs and culture were shared and later divided into others.

The Indo-European family is first identified in the 18th century, at which time Sir William Jones, studying Sanskrit, discovered that it had many points in common with Greek and Latin. This made him suspect that the three languages ​​must necessarily have a common origin. From this ancestor, the Germanic languages ​​would also come, something he discovered after analyzing the languages ​​spoken by Slavic and Baltic groups.

List of Indo-European languages

As we have already pointed out, we can find more than 150 languages that exist today and that have a common origin in the Indo-European languages. For their part, these, in turn, are divided into other language families. This makes Indo-European languages ​​one of the most geographically widespread and is spoken by more than 2.5 billion people in the world.

Within the Indo-European languages, ​​we can find 11 branches that have their own variations in the number of speakers and some that have already disappeared. Although there are not many tools for their dating, the most widespread theories indicate that these could be divided into these branches that we know today before the year 3,000 BC. C. Indo European languages with list

From this point on, the dialects differentiated from each other in a very clear way until they became separate languages that went their own way. But, due to this common origin, they conserved common features that continue to this day. Following a chronological order we can classify the Indo-European languages ​​as follows:

1-Indo-European languages ​​of the second millennium BC

  • Anatolian branch
  • Indo-Iranian branch
  • Hellenic Branch (Greek)

2-Indo-European languages ​​of the first millennium BC

  • Rama Italica (Latin)
  • Celtic Branch

3-The Indo-European languages ​​of the first millennium after Christ

  • Germanic Branch (English, German)
  • Armenian Branch
  • Tocaria Branch
  • Baltic Branch Indo European languages with list
  • Slavic Branch
  • Albanian Branch

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