Difference between language and dialect Similarities and FAQs

Language and dialect

In this article we will provide you the difference between language and dialect Similarities and FAQs.


The term language comes from the Latin language and this in turn from Greek. It is a system of oral or graphic verbal communication and even gestures typical of a human community. Languages ​​are subdivided into dialects, the criteria for dividing a language into dialects are currently not considered objective or safe, in general, to determine if two dialects are part of the same language, sociopolitical and not linguistic is used. The number of current languages ​​is between 6,000 and 6,500. According to a study carried out in 2009, there are 6,909 languages ​​in the world. There is no criterion to determine the number of languages ​​in the world as there are no criteria that allow differentiating two languages ​​in different languages ​​or if it is the same language represented by two dialects. In addition, there are unstudied areas on the planet, there are uncontacted tribes with their languages ​​and dialects. Also some extinct languages ​​have re-emerged.


For linguistics, dialect is one of the variables of a language or language. This term is usually used to refer to the geographical variants of a language associated with a certain area. A dialect is a system of signs from a common language or language, whether it is alive or missing, that is geographically delimited. It does not present a specific differentiation from dialects of a common origin. A dialect can be divided into sub-dialects. Differentiating or delimiting a dialect is a very delicate process in linguistics, as it requires characterizing the language of territory, determining its historical precision, and performing sociolinguistic analyzes on the speakers. Historically the word dialect has been used in communities with a pejorative value in such a way that a certain language is disqualified in favor of others considered official.

Key Differences between Language and dialect




1. Of

 It is considered a language when the differences are already so great that the speakers no longer understand each other (Spanish, French …): dixi / I said

 On the other hand, it is considered a dialect of a language, when the modality is not so different so that the speakers do not understand each other (Andalusian, Murcino …): horse / horse

2. phonetic :
phonetic and
phonological differentiation

 It is considered language, when the phonemes are different from the one from which it comes (the mother tongue)

 On the other hand, it is considered a dialect, when it only involves different sounds, different articulations of the same phoneme

3. grammatical : grammatical

it is considered language , when it has a studied and organized grammar (syntax, morphology)

on the other hand, it is considered a dialect, when it does not have some grammatical studies on the spoken modality

4. lexicon : vocabulary

it is considered language , when it has a rich lexicon, and scientific and technical terminologies …

on the other hand, it is considered a dialect, when it only has a rural, familiar, colloquial, vulgar lexicon

5. graphic : written

It is considered language , when it has been spoken and written for centuries at all levels (documents, literature …)

It is considered a dialect, when it is only spoken, and it is not written, or little is written

6. demographic :
the number
of speakers

It is considered a language , which has a large number of speakers (thousands, millions …)

instead, it is considered a dialect, the one with few speakers (a few hundred, a few thousand)

7. literary :

language is considered to be the linguistic modality that a literature has throughout history (recognized works and authors)

On the other hand, dialect is considered the modality that does not have literature (works, authors …, recognized); or that they have a poor literature

8. normative :
that they have

it is considered language , when it has a standard normative variety for educated, technical use … It has some constitutional statutes.

on the other hand, it is considered a dialect, when it only has the regional, local variety, for all uses and situations. It lacks official statutes.

9. political :
having an independent
state or nation

It is considered language , the one that enjoys an official recognition by the government of the Community, by the State

instead, it is considered a dialect, when they are not officially recognized by political institutions (it is not used in administrations)

10. cultural :

language is considered when it has a use rooted in culture (public events, art, music …)

on the other hand, it is considered a dialect, when it lacks cultural use in its different manifestations

11. psychological
prestige, self-prestige

It is considered a language , when the speakers have it in prestige, and the other languages ​​value it as such

On the other hand, it is considered a dialect, when even the speakers themselves have it in disrepute, they are ashamed of it …


Similarities Between Language and Dialect

Language and dialect are similar in that they both relate to the way a person speaks Both terms refer to the use of words, phrases, and grammatical structures to communicate; however, there are important differences between them. Language , is a coherent set of rules shared by all speakers of a given language, while dialect , describes variations within language, between regions or specific social groups. In general, dialect emphasizes regional and localized linguistic nuances within a given language. In addition, many people are fluent in several dialects belonging to their mother tongue.

Frequent questions

What is a language?

A language is a system of communication through the use of words and phrases. It is made up of the grammar and vocabulary of one or more languages, as well as their pronunciation. Languages ​​can be spoken, written, or orally transmitted through body language. Languages ​​are used to express our thoughts, feelings and ideas with others.

What are the 10 most spoken languages ​​in the world?

The 10 most spoken languages ​​in the world, according to the Ethnologue database, are: 1. Mandarin Chinese 2. Spanish 3. English 4. Hindi-Urdu 5. Arabic 6. Portuguese 7. Bengali 8. Russian 9. Japanese 10. Punjabi

What is language and its importance?

Language is a communication system made up of words and grammatical rules that we use to express our thoughts, ideas, and feelings. Language is essential in all cultures as it allows us to communicate with each other through spoken or written language. It is the primary means by which members of a society express themselves, learn, build interpersonal relationships, and exchange knowledge. Language also contributes to the cultural development of humanity by allowing us to preserve important information about our past and transmit it to future generations.

What is the difference between language and language?

The difference between tongue and idiom is that a language refers to the way people communicate with words, phrases, and other sounds, while a language refers to a particular variety of language. Therefore, there are many languages ​​but only some languages.

What is a dialect and its examples?

A dialect is a variety of a language that is spoken in a specific geographic area. Dialects may have different lexical, grammatical, and phonological characteristics from the standard or normative one. Some common examples of dialects are British accent (Standard English), Cockney (East London dialect), and Scotch (Scottish) pronunciation.

What is defined dialect?

A dialect is a variety of a language that differs from standard speech in terms of vocabulary, syntax, and pronunciation. Dialects generally develop within geographic or social boundaries.

What in dialect?

I don’t understand, can you be more specific?

What is a language and a dialect?

A language is a verbal communication system shared by a group of people that is used to communicate. A dialect is a particular variety of a language, usually related to geographic or social factors, and may have slight differences in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar.

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