Research Writing

How to do a research project/definition/steps to make research project

The research project is an academic and scientific document that will perpetuate the process of your research.

Therefore, he aims to find at least one solution to a unique and real problem.

Therefore, it is necessary for the researcher to make a detailed study of the problem he wants to solve, carrying out a research that will serve as a basis for the solution of the problem.

In addition, for the researcher, the research project aims to:

  • Guide your search
  • Create a path for your investigation
  • Communicate the purpose of your research to the academic and scientific community

So, with a research project, you can create the entire investigative path of your TCC or monograph until it is complete.

The path to a research project

In order for your research project to be carried out completely, you will need to follow an order, which will certainly make the development of your project optimized.

Your project structure needs to have:

Below, check out how to do your research project, with a step-by-step guide on each item:

research topic

Your topic is the starting point for you to start producing your research project.

Thus, it is very important that you have affinity and mastery of what will be addressed.

If you choose a topic that you don’t master, you can end up being consumed by the exhausting hours of learning so you can explore a whole new area.

Therefore, use your previous knowledge as a basis for choosing your topic, so that your research project has the best possible execution.

Delimitation of the theme

Earlier, you learned that the topic needs to cover an area of ​​knowledge that you have an affinity for. 

However, it is necessary that you define it, so that you do not have problems with the broad approach.

Thus, by delimiting your theme, you will be able to narrow down your intentions and your project will be executable. In other words, try to be as specific as possible!

For example, if a project has the theme: “How technology impacts the population”, it would be impossible to investigate it in its entirety in a short period of time, so it is more interesting to have a delimitation, such as: “How the technology impacts the population of the city of Campinas”.


Also, your research project needs to have a justification for it to have a purpose. 

Why are you addressing this topic? Why is he relevant? What are its implications? These are questions that will be answered in your justification.

Exemplifying again with the theme about how technology impacts the population of the city of Campinas, the theme could be justified by the fact that technology has contributed to several outdated sectors of the city of Campinas.


Another crucial point in your research is the problem! That is, a question that needs to be answered by your project.

Similar to the theme, it also needs to be delimited so that your work can fully respond to it.

So, taking our example, a good research problem would be: How is technology used for the development of the city of Campinas?

experimental research

It observes from controlled experiments, with data collection and statistical analysis.

Bibliographic research

Gathering information about a topic from bibliographic materials.

Documentary research

Survey and analysis of materials that have not yet received analytical treatment.

Ex-post fact research

Experimental research, where the investigator has no control over the variables, making interferences without direct observation or manipulation of variables.

Field survey

Research with questions asked directly to the people you intend to study, using statistical procedures for this.

Case study

In-depth study of one or a few cases, investigating a phenomenon within its own context.

Finally, we come to research techniques, which are divided into two types: data collection and data analysis.

Below, check out how the two techniques are performed:

Data collection techniques

  • Field research
  • laboratory research
  • Documentary research
  • Bibliographic research
  • Observation
  • interviews
  • Questionnaires
  • Content analysis

Data analysis techniques

  • Quantitative
  • Qualitative

In summary, it may seem like a lot, but don’t worry, your research will fit with a methodology, a research method and a data collection technique. Just choose what makes the most sense for you!


After all this, it is in the timeline that you will display the timeline of each stage of your research project.

Thus, it can vary according to your project, reaching months or weeks.


Finally, we have reached the end of your research project. 

Now it’s time to name everyone you used to build your theoretical foundation. 

This is super important because it will show that you studied for your research and have support from other researchers. 

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