What are ethical values:
Ethical values represent the general principles that should guide people in their social life. Ethics is born from the understanding that if the actions of one individual directly affect another, those actions can affect them for good or for ill. Ethical Values definition
So, you can also think about the best way to relate and the best way to act. Ethical values are the result of knowledge built on reflection on human actions and the determination of principles that drive good actions.
From the construction of a life in society, human beings became capable of evaluating actions as good or bad, beneficial or harmful, selfish or altruistic.
Based on this human capacity to judge actions, they become capable of defining general principles that can guide actions in view of the good. These principles are called ethical values.
Ethical values are all the universal qualities that a social group believes are favorable to relationships among its members. Ethical Values definition
Examples of ethical values
Good is a value recognized as the ethical ideal, it is the basis of good action, right action and virtue. Good is the opposite of evil, in some theories and philosophical and religious currents, Good (with a capital letter) is the goal of human life.
The good is the main thing of ethical values because it is the principle on which all other values are based. The idea of good can be identified with values such as: happiness, pleasure or justice, for example.
Thus, all action guided by these values would be in conformity with the good. Actions can be evaluated and take on their moral value when they promote good.
Finding and defining what good is and how it can guide human actions is the basis of ethics and the foundation of all ethical values. Ethical Values definition
Justice is the fundamental value that guides the judgment of human actions so that the effects of actions are not harmful to others.
An action is fair based on the idea that it is the most favorable possible for both parties. While injustices occur when an individual or group is favored over the harm of others.
Freedom is an ethical value that sustains societies and is related to people’s ability to make choices as long as those actions do not restrict other people’s freedom.
Thus, the rights related to the possibilities of action are guaranteed: freedom of expression, belief, coming and going, gender and other individual and collective freedoms.
Truth is a value linked to the idea of honesty in relation to knowledge and information about something.
Actions must be guided by the truth so that those involved can have access to factors relevant to understanding the context and can make choices without being totally or partially deceived. Ethical Values definition
Life in society presupposes the relationship between different people. Thus, for the relationship between people to be the best possible, each person must understand themselves and others as a subject, never as an object. The understanding of the other as a subject is the basis of respect, guides actions so that everyone has the right to their individuality.
Along with respect, solidarity is based on the idea that, in society, people are often in different positions. Solidarity is a principle that aims at actions that can help people in conditions of difficulty and vulnerability. Ethical Values definition
Peace is an ethical value related to non-violence and non-aggression, it gained its relevance in a military past.
To make peace is to ensure that people can live peacefully, without risking their integrity. Peace is a value and an ethical ideal towards which all values converge.