The cultured language refers to a type of language characterized by the correct use of morphosyntax and the lexicon of a certain language. In general, it is used by individuals who have high knowledge of the language because they have had access to culture and studies. Educated language concept characteristics
Educated people use words appropriately and construct syntactically correct sentences. Other features of the educated language are the use of a rich vocabulary in different areas of knowledge, the correct use of verb tenses, the construction of long and logical sentences and a good pronunciation of words.
It is typical of people who have received a high level of education.
2-Common or popular
The popular language is considered the correct way to communicate between the speakers of the language. Light, simple, understandable, with the presence of idioms and even certain errors when preparing sentences and expressions.
The vulgar is the lowest level in the language, mainly because there is little presence of culture, which affects the minimum use of words. Educated language concept characteristics
Presents short, meaningless sentences, while introducing vulgarisms. Other notable features of this type of language are the impossibility of adapting to different communication situations and making use of set phrases, leaving aside the diversity provided by the use of other words.
Characteristics of the educated language
- Possesses precision and rigor in the use of syntactic, grammatical, spelling and phonetic standards.
- The speech tends to be fluid and continuous.
- There is the presence of a wealth of language that allows expression depending on the communicative situation.
- There is clarity when expressing ideas.
- Try to avoid vulgarisms.
- The messages make logical sense.
- Correct pronunciation of words (when it is oral communication).
- Frequent use of abstract and generally little-known terms.
- Presence of nuances of expressiveness which do not allow relaxation or suppression of sounds.
- Thanks to its structure, from orality it resembles written expression.
- Represents the ideal of how language should be used.
Types of educated language
In general, the use of cultured language is present in written language, especially in literary and scientific texts. Educated language concept characteristics
This is because its structure allows the explanation of complex terms, while guaranteeing the unanimity of the language. This type of cultured language is called literary.
However, some authors also include another type of language where certain flexibility of the language is allowed, while respecting the characteristics previously mentioned. This type of cultured language is called technical.
1-Literary cult language
He is considered to have the highest level of the language, since he respects the content values and the way in which the message is structured. Likewise, it also makes use of literary resources such as comparisons, metaphors, onomatopoeia, among others.
Among its most relevant characteristics, the following stand out:
– It can be written in verse or prose.
– It is used to express ideas, sensations and emotions, either in a real or imaginary way.
– The language itself is beautiful, artistic and elaborate.
– Generally used by writers and poets.
2-Technical cult language
Also known as scientific-technical language, it is used to express oneself about a certain area of science.
In this case it does not present uniformity, mainly because it will depend on the specialization of the matter to be dealt with. However, some consider it as a set of subsystems that manage to coincide in certain characteristics. Educated language concept characteristics
Some of the notable features of this type of language are the following:
– Highlights the fundamental principles of science: objectivity, universality and verifiability.
– They are concise texts thanks to the syntactic correction they constantly have.
– The data and facts stand out, as well as the circumstances of the process to set aside subjectivity.
– There is presence of declarative sentences with referential purposes.
– Usually used in the indicative mood.
– Thanks to the fact that it has attracted the attention of experts, it has been seen the need to further improve the styles in this type of language, so that content is universal and easy to express in several languages.
Examples of cultured language
The following are examples of sentences that are used in the cult language:
- “They are going through a favorable moment …”.
- “Thanks to the experience acquired …”.
- “Exception to the rule.”
- “Excellent recreation”. Educated language concept characteristics
- “Bread baked in the embers of dawning embers”.
- “Truce of anger.”
- “Lord, sorrows were not made for beasts, but for men; but if men feel them too much, they become beasts ”. Miguel de Cervantes.
- “In reality, he did not care about death, but life, and that is why the sensation he experienced when they pronounced the sentence was not a feeling of fear, but of nostalgia.” Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
- As for the scientific language, you can find:
- “Newton’s third law establishes that whenever a first object exerts a force on a second object, it exerts a force of equal magnitude and direction, but in the opposite direction on the first”.
- “The cell nucleus is a membranous organelle found in the center of eukaryotic cells.”
- “In the present work the effect of benzoic acid applied to the soil on the quality of the tomato fruit is determined”.