Language and Linguistics

Difference between syntax and semantics in detail


Syntax is the part of grammar responsible for studying the rules and principles that govern the combination of units superior to syntactic constituents such as syntagmas and grammatical sentences. Study the way in which words are combined and the syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships that they maintain between them. Difference between syntax and semantics

Within a sentence, words form hierarchical groupings known as syntactic constituents. Not just any set forms a constituent, only those groupings that fulfill a recognizable function.

From these groupings, the syntactic tree emerges, which organizes the set of syntactic constituents representing the hierarchy between them. Di


Semantics refers to the meanings, meanings, and interpretations of linguistic signs such as expressions, words, or formal representations. It defines how the expressions of a language admit correspondence with situations or sets that are found in reality or in an abstract world in order to be able to express them.

It is studied from various points of view: Difference between syntax and semantics

Linguistic semantics: That is responsible for the encoding and decoding of linguistic structures. Study the lexical forms, structures of expressions and their relationship.

Logical semantics: It is responsible for developing logical problems of meaning and studies the relationship between linguistic signs and reality.

Semantics in cognitive sciences: It explains why we communicate and the psychic mechanism that is established between speaker and listener.

 Key Differences

  1. Syntax refers to the structure of a program written in a programming language
  2. semantics describes the relationship between the sense of the program and the computational model
  3. The syntax is the study of sentences and phrases, and the rules of grammar that sentences obey.
  4. Semantics is the study of sentence meaning; pragmatics is the study of sentence meaning in context.
  5. Semantics is a branch of linguistics that looks at the meanings of words and language, including the symbolic use of language.
  6. Semantics is the one that can explain everything and give meaning
  7. The syntax evaluates how words or phrases are organized into the main phrase.
  8. Semantics carries out the study of individual words and how they are perceived.
  9. The syntax is related to the grammar, writing, punctuation, and other elements of a language.
  10. Semantics is related to verbal symbols or elements and images. Difference between syntax and semantics

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