Between 1837 and 1901 the British crown was in the hands of Queen Victoria. During his long reign, the United Kingdom consolidated itself as the first world power and one of the greatest empires in history. Historians refer to this period by the term: the Victorian era.
Political stability and economic boom have made the UK a great power
From a political point of view, British democracy remained stable and separate from the revolutionary processes of other European nations. While other peoples set up barricades in the streets and lived a time of great social unrest , the British solved their problems in the chambers of popular representation. Victorian era
On the economic front, the United Kingdom experienced a period of great expansion, especially in the textile and financial sector
From a commercial point of view, the British boosted imports of raw materials at low prices, while selling their textile products around the world.
In the energy field, the British were the world’s largest coal producers. The railway network and the telegraph were key elements of the national economy . Victorian era
The economic expansion had only a few conflicting episodes (for example, the war in the United States caused a drop in the supply of cotton for the textile industry).
A society with great contrasts
Despite the remarkable economic growth, British society presented great contradictions. In the city of London there were entire neighborhoods where people lived in miserable conditions. Victorian era
While the wealthy classes lived surrounded by luxury and glamour, the factory workers worked in very precarious conditions. In 1847 there was an important advance, where women and children were prohibited from working for more than 10 hours a day.
It is not surprising that in this climate of labor oppression , the first workers unions in the United Kingdom emerged.
the queen and the indian servant
During the Victorian era a Puritan morality was promoted in all spheres of life. In this sense, some intellectuals expressed some discomfort with the hypocritical attitudes of the Puritans. Victorian era
Queen Victoria herself had a love affair with one of her Indian assistants, Abdul Karim. This relationship had an evident hypocritical component, as the queen expressed social and racial prejudices, but in her intimate life she maintained relationships with a servant of another race.
Both had been lovers for a decade, and when the queen died in 1901, the royal family tried to hide any testimony or evidence linking the queen to her servant. Victorian era