As a general criterion, medical studies have three main areas: basic sciences, clinical sciences and residency. In the basic sciences, the basic foundations of medicine are studied, such as human histology, anatomy , physiology , microbiology , embryology and genetics. Pathological anatomy is integrated into the basic sciences and is a link with the clinical sciences (internal medicine, pulmonology, cardiology and traumatology). Pathological Anatomy
Pathological anatomy is the branch of medicine that studies the causes, development and consequences of diseases. All of this is accomplished through a series of macroscopic and microscopic morphological techniques.
What is studied in this subject?
Graduates in this field learn the most varied histological and cytological techniques of the various tissues and organs of the human body. For this, tissue samples (biopsies and necropsies) are analyzed through the microscope . Pathological Anatomy
At a basic level, students become familiar with different procedures: handling micropipettes, preparing reagents, stains and samples. At an advanced level, macroscopic identification tests and tissue dissection are analyzed in order to determine patterns of cell normality or abnormality.
In addition to laboratory tests, students are trained in three areas of medicine: anatomy, physiology and cytology. These areas of knowledge provide an overview of the functioning and composition of the human organism, as well as its possible pathologies.
The role of pathological anatomy is critical in cancer treatment
The specialist dedicated to this branch of medicine is the pathologist and its main function is the scientific evaluation of tissues and organs, especially when they present some type of tumor. The great advance in pathology in recent decades has been the early identification of tumors.
In this subject, an attempt is made to understand the mechanisms by which metastasis occurs
Thus, the information provided by the pathologist is essential for the oncologist to treat the patient with cancer.
In recent years, pathological anatomy has focused on individualized molecular analysis and with this approach the patient has already been able to receive a treatment more adapted to his disease .
Finally, it is noteworthy that the diagnosis of a pathologist determines the treatment to be followed by other medical professionals. In this sense, the pathologist does not normally have direct contact with patients, but with other professional colleagues.