The orthothanasia term refers to taking necessary measures for a patient state terminal has more dignified death possible. This situation involves a technique to substantially reduce any type of pain a person may have, whether physical or psychological. In addition, there is the desire to maintain the bond with your loved ones for the last time if possible; thus, it is considered essential that the people involved monitor the patient’s terminal suffering. Because this type of circumstance is a simple exposition of desires, there is legislation that guarantees a series of basic treatments for the dying. From the point of view of behavior professional, is a common topic in relation to bioethics .
The terminal phase of an illness is a time that must be treated with the utmost care. For this, a series of evaluations of the situation that the person is in is necessary to make the most favorable decisions for him. This is why, from the point of view of health professionals, it is necessary to discern what kind of action can be taken in this regard. In fact, on certain occasions, any further treatment may be unnecessary as it is considered an irreversible stage that the patient is going through. However, within this context, there are protocols that serve as a guide when proceeding in any direction.
Given the importance of this type of situation, it is not surprising that there are discrepancies and controversies about how to deal with death. However, it is worth noting that, on certain occasions, orthothanasia is often confused with euthanasia, a circumstance that differs categorically . In fact, in the first case, death is voluntarily brought about by a third party, while the second only awaits death naturally. The confusion is largely due to the fact that supporters of euthanasia call it a “dignified death”, camouflaging orthothanasia. However, it is easy to show that from an ethical point of view there is a notable difference. Thus, in the second case, it is only ensured that the final outcome takes place in the most human way possible, without interventions.