In the legal system of most countries there are different types of laws. The so-called ordinary law is one in which there are no special procedures for its approval.
Ordinary law is a legal rule that requires simple processing for its final enactment. Above the ordinary laws are the general laws, that is, the organic laws.
The general procedure for drafting an ordinary law
The approval of an ordinary law has different phases: an initiative, a discussion, a penalty and, finally, a promulgation.
A proposal for an ordinary law usually starts in the chambers of the legislative power, that is, the group of representatives of the people. On the other hand, the president of a nation often has the power to propose this type of law. In some cases, the supreme courts or the popular initiative also have the opportunity to promote this type of legal norm.
Once processing begins, the ordinary bill must be debated article by article by the members of parliament of a nation through a specialized commission.
Once the content of the ordinary law is established, it must be sanctioned, that is, it must be approved by the representatives of popular sovereignty.
Finally, the ordinary law must be promulgated in the State Official Gazette for it to be enforced. This promulgation embodies the signature of the highest authority in a nation.
The differences between organic and ordinary laws
Laws are approved by national parliaments. Organic laws are those relating to fundamental rights and public liberties and are usually contained in a nation’s constitution . To be passed, organic laws generally require an absolute majority of the chambers of representatives. On the other hand, ordinary laws are all those that can be passed by a simple majority, such as the budget law, tax laws and those related to civil procedure .
An ordinary law cannot modify the content of an organic law , since between them there is a principle of hierarchy . On the other hand, every ordinary law develops contents already established in an organic law.
In short, organic laws are structural in character within the legal framework and ordinary laws are addressed to meet specific situations that do not affect the bases of the state.