In 1933, Hermann Göring founded the Gestapo, Hitler’s secret police. The activity of this police corporation continued until the end of World War II in 1945. Its members performed a fundamental task for Nazi interests: to pursue and eliminate the opponents of National Socialism. In this sense, Hitler’s secret police became an effective lethal weapon.
The repressive tool of Nazism
Like all dictatorial regimes, Nazism organized a system based on social control and terror. In the Gestapo archives there was detailed information about the ideology of the German population as a whole. While the agents were involved with torture and espionage, in official documents, this organization presented itself with a legitimate purpose: the protection of the German people and state . Gestapo
In order to obtain information, secret police officers used various strategies: wiretapping, breaking correspondence and infiltrating spies in clandestine organizations . Despite the effectiveness of these methods, the main source of information came from the denunciations and denunciations of German citizens.
In any case, the feared Gestapo carried out an intense activity, as its enemies were many: Jews, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Communists, homosexuals, Gypsies, Spanish republicans, young protesters, in short, all those who deviated from the ideological principles of the national- socialism.
The Nazi secret police could arrest people without the need to respect judicial procedures, and for this they resorted to the preventive detention system. The Gestapo headquarters was located in Berlin and Berliners referred to this place as “the house of horrors”. It is worth remembering that the agents who were part of this police corporation were divided into two categories: criminal assistant and criminal secretary. Gestapo
With the end of World War II, he initiated the Nuremberg proceedings to try Nazi officers. In the final sentences, the Gestapo was declared a criminal organization.
The German company IBM placed itself at the service of Nazism and with the first computers all Gestapo information was effectively managed.
Hugo F. Boss (founder of the Hugo Boss company) joined the Nazi party in 1931 and thanks to this his modest textile factory was able to count on a large number of coerced workers of Jewish origin. The popular clothing brand abandoned the manufacture of items for the civilian population and started making military uniforms for the Nazis. Gestapo
Both cases show how certain companies were involved, directly or indirectly, based on their own interests.