What is Equity Gender Social equity Equity in Law and Economics


The word equity comes from the Latin aequĭtas . This term is associated with the values ​​of equality and justice .

Equity tries to promote equality , beyond differences in sex, culture , economic sectors to which one belongs, etc. That is why it is usually related to social justice, since it defends the same conditions and opportunities for all people , without distinction, only adapting in particular cases.

In other words, for equity to be real, the rule cannot be applied in general to all individuals , but certain exceptions must be observed for each particular case. In addition, each person must be able to assert their rights, regardless of where they come from.

Equity fights against poverty , discrimination , racism , xenophobia , homophobia , among other issues that promote distance and differences between individuals.

Gender equality

When talking about gender equality, reference is made to equality and justice, in which people, regardless of their sex, can assert their rights and have the same opportunities and responsibilities . Some cases where the lack of gender equality is evident are discrimination when looking for a job or violence against women.

Although it is recognized that there are differences between women and men, it does not mean that one of the sexes is inferior or superior to the other , which is why they must have the same means and abilities when it comes to managing work, family life , political and social.

Social equity

When talking about social equity policies, reference is made to health issues , that is, that it be affordable for all the inhabitants of a state . The same in the field of education , that everyone who wants it has the opportunity to access the three levels of education.

Likewise, equal employment opportunities must be added to these policies , which are also decent positions. Living conditions are also elementary, and not only refer to good housing, but also access to drinking water , electricity , sewage networks, etc.

Many other policies aimed at social equity can be mentioned, but one of its main objectives is to achieve a greater inclusion of all people in a certain state and raise their standard of living, until reaching true social well-being.

Equity in Law and Economics

Within the Science of Law, the value of equity acquires great importance. Although it does not respond to one of the  sources of Law it is usually used as a means or technique to correct the law . This tool allows the standard to be adapted to the particular needs of each case. In other words, the law applies according to certain circumstances.

That is why it is considered one of the essential values ​​of Law , since it has a more humane position, since certain considerations are taken into account. It should be noted that this is a widely discussed position since the time of Aristotle.

From the  Economic Sciences,  equity is spoken of as the justice that must be applied to the tax treatment of people . This means that tax burdens must vary on a case-by-case basis to truly achieve equity.

Difference between Equity and equality

The difference between equality and fairness is that with equality justice is applied to all citizens uniformly, while in fairness exceptions can be made as long as the sense of fairness is not compromised.

Equality Equity
Definition Principle or disposition to give all people the same treatment before the law, without discrimination. Principle or disposition to give all people the same treatment before the law, without discrimination, but considering their personal situation.
  • Gender equality.
  • Social equality.
  • Equal opportunities.
  • Gender equality.
  • Social equity.
Example Human rights.
  • Women’s right to vote.
  • Paternity licenses.
  • Conditioning of public spaces for people with physical or intellectual disabilities.

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