Mass culture definition/Cultural Industry/Popular Culture and High Culture

Mass culture are all kinds of cultural expressions produced in the Cultural Industry, with the aim of reaching as many people as possible. Its focus is essentially commercial , that is, generating products for consumption. Mass culture definition

Popular and high culture are produced respectively by the popular and elite classes. J will mass culture is produced for the masses , and not the masses (people).

Mass culture creates products that can be consumed by most people, following a pattern for immediate consumption.

Some examples of mass culture are:

  • songs,
  • films,
  • dance genres,
  • TV shows,
  • magazines,
  • cartoon,
  • fashion,
  • gastronomy.

Radio, television, newspapers, magazines and, above all, the internet are the main allies of the Cultural Industry for the dissemination of mass culture. Mass culture definition

They function as the means of communication that helps in the process of cultural distribution to consumers (the mass).

It is noteworthy that the term “mass” is not related, in this case, to social classes, but only to the group formed by the majority of people in a society.

Cultural Industry and Mass Culture

The concepts of Cultural Industry and Mass Culture were coined by the famous Frankfurt School in Germany. This school was led by authors Theodor Adorno (1903 – 1969), Max Horkheimer (1895 – 1973) and Walter Benjamin (1892 – 1940).

The authors understood that unlike High Culture and Popular Culture, Mass Culture is produced for the masses and not by them.

Mass Culture is produced by the Cultural Industry , that is, a group of large companies that belong to the ruling class whose objective is to produce culture. Mass culture definition

Indústria Cultura seeks to massify and standardize elements and values ​​of erudite and popular culture, in the form of products and services for mass consumption.

This massification is done through soap operas, movies, series, shows, TV shows, among others.

Differences between Mass Culture, Popular Culture and High Culture

High culture involves all types of production that require greater technical elaboration, based on studies and critical analysis of the content. This type of culture is usually aimed at social and economic elites. It is mainly consumed by intellectuals.

Already popular culture , as opposed to classical, is one that comes from naturally people. It is characterized by manifestations that express the cultural identity of a specific community.

Mass culture can use elements that are particular to both popular and erudite culture, but trivializing and ignoring their original contents . Mass culture definition

This is due to the fact that the Cultural Industry only values ​​what is in the taste of the masses and which has lucrative potential, marginalizing other legitimate cultural manifestations.

A lot of people confuse, but popular culture and mass culture are totally different. The first is the result of the people, of the cultural identity of a society. The second is a product of the Cultural Industry and is not intended to carry or transmit symbolic values.

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