Eczema is a skin lesion characterized by redness and swelling and can occur from a wide variety of causes.
Eczema, also known as dermatitis, usually arises mainly from allergic reactions or from contact with irritating agents that make the skin develop certain changes characterized by swelling of its upper layer or epidermis.
The main form of eczema is atopic dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis is a form of allergy characterized by red patches on the skin accompanied by swelling and the presence of crusts that leave it dry and scaly. These lesions usually present on the face and in creases such as the elbow or knee.
Eczema causes a lot of itchiness because it is accompanied by abrasions that sometimes affect the skin through bacteria that aggravate the lesions.
This disorder has a familial tendency and manifests itself from childhood. Atopic dermatitis usually presents with other allergic manifestations, such as allergic rhinitis and asthma.
Other forms of eczema include contact dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is an allergic skin manifestation that presents from exposure to a substance capable of irritating it. It is common to occur after using objects such as watches, bracelets, rings, chains, belt buckles or any other artifact that comes in direct contact with the skin.
So characteristic of contact dermatitis because of injuries format well defined, oriented object used. These are usually metallic elements that contain nickel in their composition.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a form of eczema that affects fatty areas of the skin, such as the scalp, eyebrows, behind the ears, the back of the neck, the folds of the nose or around the mouth.
This dermatitis causes redness and scaling, and these lesions typically intensify in situations of emotional stress.
General advice for your treatment
The treatment of eczema depends on its cause or origin. Active lesions may improve with the use of steroid- based ointments .
These patients benefit from taking warm baths at the end of the day, after which it is recommended to apply soothing creams that contain urea or lactic acid while the skin is moist; this helps to moisten and remove scabs, decreasing itchiness and improving the appearance of the lesions.
In addition, it is recommended to identify triggering factors such as some irritating substances, chemicals, medications and even foods that can cause or aggravate this type of injury. Another important aspect is learning to manage stress properly.