It consists of self-representation based on the organization of popular assemblies, the debate on matters considered of interest and finally the adoption of resolutions that contain a greater number of votes. Direct Democracy
The word democracy comes from the Greek and literally means government of the people. It does not come only from the Greek language, since it was the inhabitants of the polis of Athens that in the 5th century BC. C established for the first time a system of government not based on the decisions of a single person (monarchy or tyranny) or of a few ( oligarchy ), as it was a people as a whole that guided the political activity of the community.
Direct or pure democracy intends to correct the limitations of indirect or representative democracy
In democratic systems, citizens are called to elections and through voting elect their representatives. These become the voice of the people, but they are not in a strict sense. For some, this feature is considered a deficiency of the system and for this reason it proposes another way of understanding politics, direct democracy. Through this system the people do not depend on representatives, as they represent themselves. Direct Democracy
In some Swiss cantons there is a system very close to direct democracy
In Switzerland this model is known as landsgemeinde, which is usually translated as cantonal assembly . Citizens gather outdoors to pass laws and budgets for their community. The Swiss vote several times a year on issues related to their municipality, canton or country.
It is common for participants in popular assemblies to pronounce on all sorts of subjects, such as energy supply , school construction, garbage collection and social assistance . This system is combined with a model of parliamentary representation. Direct Democracy
On the other hand, the Swiss can hold a referendum against a law previously passed by parliament. When the popular proposal manages to gather the support of a minimum number of signatures, the law is submitted to the verdict of the ballot box. This type of popular initiative can also act as an amendment to the constitutional text.
The Swiss model has advantages and disadvantages
It is positively valued because the people intervene directly and without intermediaries in decision-making. However, on some occasions, the proposals voted on by the people conflict with international norms and the Swiss Constitution itself.
Another criticism received by the Swiss system is its low popular participation , as only two in five citizens exercise the right to vote.