The democracy representative is a form of government in which the people have political power, but has indirectly exercising this role through some representatives chosen democratically through free elections. That’s why it’s also known as an indirect democracy. Representative Democracy
In general, the election of representatives of the people is carried out through a vote of organizations that defend certain political ideals and models. These organizations are the political parties.
However, each party has its own internal organizational mechanism, so when people vote for any party it does not mean that they choose concrete representatives, but rather for a program that this party defends.
The internal organization of the parties determines the order of representatives, therefore, the greater or lesser support each party receives at the polls is crucial to identify the members who will become representatives of the people.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Representative Democracy
Representative democracy, like any other form of government, has its pros and cons. Among its advantages, it is worth noting that decision-making is much simpler than in the case of direct democracy, as this only relies on the opinion of a few experts and not on the opinion of thousands of people who make up a country.
On the other hand, although power is in the hands of the people with representative democracy, it delegates its exercise to the most prepared and experienced citizens when it comes to taking the appropriate decisions. Furthermore, even without exercising power personally, the people seek to satisfy the objectives for the common good of all.
However, representative democracy also presents a series of disadvantages, for example, the fact that power is in the hands of few representatives is easier to manipulate them to seek to satisfy certain interests. Corruption cases often appear in greater proportion with this type of representative system , since on certain occasions many politicians put the political interests of economic groups before the common good, even harming the people who, in theory, should defend.
The fact is that only a minority of political representatives is responsible for adopting the decisions of an entire group, that is, an entire people. In many cases, perspective is lost as well as contact with reality , since it is impossible to know in detail all the existing problems.