The term code can be understood in several ways depending on the context in which it is used. However, in its different meanings, the idea it conveys information about something.
The technology we use every day requires significant levels of security . So we have to use codes or passwords to access information or use some type of service. However, if we do not have a code, we cannot access the computer, all online networks, in addition to ATMs.
From a moral point of view , each person has their own principles. In the professional field, there are activities that establish standards of conduct or codes of ethics, which are documents that establish the criteria for the performance of a profession (for example, the code of ethics of lawyers, doctors and psychologists).
Certain groups are also regulated by some standard or code. For example, the samurai had a strict ethical code called bushido and some mob groups have their own rules of honor.
civil and penal
The set of legal doctrines is divided into two major areas of law: the civil and penal code. The first refers to the normative regulation of private or public activities (the civil codes of most countries are based on Napoleon’s Code). The second refers to the set of norms designed to penalize criminal behavior, that is, the sanctions imposed by the State.
The genetic material in our cells has been known since the 1950s. The genetic code is the rule that defines how a nucleic acid sequence is transformed into an amino acid sequence. It is a universal code and serves all organisms in nature. The reading of the DNA genetic code is read every three nucleic acids (a nucleic acid corresponds to a letter totaling 64 possible combinations, as each triple of nucleic acids can have four amino acid bases; this means that a strand of DNA is transformed on an RNA strand).
The code concept can be applied in several circumstances: in traffic, in computing, in the mysterious field (so-called hidden codes), in emails and in communication (for example, the morse code).