When talking about the heat, the strength of the wind or the intensity of the rain in a conversation, it means that you are talking about the weather. Thus, the factors that determine the weather are temperature , precipitation and wind. Climate
On the other hand, the climate issue goes much further and is a general and complex phenomenon. In fact, climatology and meteorology are different disciplines. The first is focused on the study of climate diversity, while the second studies atmospheric dynamics.
Climate is understood as the type of weather that normally occurs in a given territory for an extended period of time. In other words, climate is the set of weather conditions that repeat in cycles of time in an area.
The elements that make up the climate are the following: temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity, precipitation and winds
Temperature can be understood as a greater or lesser presence of heat. The atmospheric pressure is the weight of air over the ground. The concentration of water vapor in the environment is moisture. Wind is formed by gas currents that make up the atmosphere and the currents are produced by temperature differences caused by the Sun.
Climatology is a multidisciplinary science
For the study of climate it is necessary to resort to other areas of knowledge. Thus, astronomical phenomena such as the earth’s rotation and other movements have a direct relationship to climate. Heliography is a branch of astrophysics that analyzes solar phenomena and how they affect climate.
Climatology also uses data provided by meteorology. On the other hand, both meteorologists and climatologists need knowledge about physics and chemistry . The issue of heat and energy transmission is also relevant to understanding climatic variations and these issues are addressed in thermodynamics .
Other sciences have a direct relationship with the climate
– Hydrology deals with water cycles;
– Oceanography explains the functioning of marine currents, which clearly intervene in the evolution of weather and climate;
– Volcanology refers to the study of volcanoes, which can generate sulfuric acid vapors in the Earth’s atmosphere;
– Mineralogy studies minerals, most of which have isotopes, which are atoms with a radioactive potential and this circumstance has an effect on the climate.