Epidemic and endemic
In this article we will provide you the difference between epidemic and endemic and Similarities.
what does epidemic mean
An epidemic is an infectious disease that spreads rapidly through the population, usually affecting many people at the same time. An epidemic normally begins with contagion in a few individuals and then rapidly spreads to the rest of the population in the affected area. This happens due to factors such as close contact between individuals, climate or environmental conditions favorable for the spread of the pathogen, and lack of vaccines or adequate treatments to prevent or control it. Epidemics are very dangerous because they can cause great damage to infected people as well as to the whole society if they are not well controlled.
what does endemic mean
Endemic is a concept used in epidemiology to define the level of presence , normally in the long term, of a certain disease or pathology in a defined geographical area. These endemic areas can be local (a city), regional (a country) or global (several parts of the world). The factors that influence the establishment and maintenance of the endemic are variables such as climate, availability of drinking water and eating habits; Furthermore, humans also act as vectors to spread diseases between regions. Continuous surveillance by the health authorities is key to early detection of possible outbreaks and to try to control them before they become endemic.
Similarities Between Epidemic and Endemic
The words epidemic and endemic, are two terms related to the spread of infectious diseases. Both refer to a widespread presence or wide diffusion of a disease in a specific geographic area. An epidemic is the sudden and unexpected outbreak of an infectious disease that affects many people at the same time, while an endemic is simply the normal level of incidence of such diseases within a given geographic area. Therefore, the main similarity between both concepts lies in their common origin: epidemics arise when endemic cases experience a significant increase during a certain period of time. In addition, both can be controlled through appropriate programs and education to prevent their spread.
Differences between epidemic and endemic
An epidemic is a contagious disease that spreads rapidly through a community or geographic area. The epidemic is usually limited to the territory where it took place and usually does not last long. On the contrary, endemic is a regular pattern of disease presence in a certain human group, region or country. These diseases are endemic when they are constantly present at certain levels of prevalence among members of the local population for prolonged periods, even if their cases are not related to each other by direct transmission.