Language and Linguistics

International phonetic alphabet examples History sounds

What is the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)?

The IPA ( International Phonetic Alphabet ) is a system of written symbols used to describe the sounds of languages. Lets see here International phonetic alphabet examples.

It is not usually studied in academies and schools but it can be an interesting tool for students who actively seek to improve their pronunciation.

History of the International Phonetic Alphabet

The AFI has undergone numerous changes throughout its history and the successive revisions carried out between 1932 – a version that was maintained for more than half a century – and the reform of the IPA Convention in Kiel (1989). Since then, minor changes have been made, in 1993 and 1996, until the current version defined in 2005.The history of the International Phonetic Alphabet and the International Phonetic Association begins at the end of the 19th century, with the constitution of said association and its express proposal to create a valid phonetic system to transcribe the sounds of spoken language . The association was founded by a group of language teachers from France and England led by Paul Passy , and was officially established in Paris in 1886 . The first phonetic alphabet was published in 1888 in Passy. For its configuration, the association was based on the Roman Alphabet created by Henry Sweet, which in turn was inspired by the Phonotypic Alphabet created by Isaac Pitman and Alexander John Ellis (Kelly 1981).

International Phonetic Alphabet Sounds In Everyday Speech

Short Vowels

IPA Symbol Word examples
e Went, intend, send, letter.
æ Cat, hand, nap, flat, have.
ʌ Fun, love, money, one, London, come.
ʊ Put, look, should, cook, book, look.
ɒ Rob, top, watch, squat, sausage.
ə Alive, again, mother.

Long Vowels

IPA Symbol Word examples
i: Need, beat, team.
ɜ: Nurse, heard, third, turn.
ɔ: Talk, law, bored, yawn, jaw.
u: Few, boot, lose, gloomy, fruit, chew.
ɑ: Fast, car, hard, bath.

Diphthong Vowels

IPA Symbol Word examples
ɪə Near, ear, clear, tear, beer, fear
Hair, there, care, stairs, pear
Face, space, rain , case, eight
ɔɪ Joy, employ, toy, coil, oyster.
My, sight, pride, kind, flight
əʊ No, don’t, stones, alone, hole
Mouth, house, brown, cow, out

Consonants Sounds: Fricatives

IPA Symbol Word examples
f Full, Friday, fish, knife.
v Vest, village, view, cave.
θ Thought, think, Bath.
ð There, those, brothers, others.
z Zoo, crazy, lazy, zigzag, nose.
ʃ Shirt, rush, shop, cash.
ʒ Television, delusion, casual
h High, help, hello.

Consonants Sounds: Plosives

IPA Symbol Word examples
p Pin, cap, purpose, pause.
b Bag, bubble, build, robe.
t Time, train, tow, late.
d Door, day, drive, down, feed.
k Cash, quick, cricket, sock.
g Girl, green, grass, flag.

Consonants Sounds: Affricates

IPA Symbol Word examples
ʈʃ Choose, cheese, church, watch.
Joy, juggle, juice, stage.

Consonants Sounds: Nasals

IPA Symbol Word examples
m Room, mother, mad, more.
n Now, nobody, knew, turn.
ŋ King, thing, song, swimming.

Consonants Sounds: Approximants

IPA Symbol Word examples
r Road, roses, river, ring, ride.
j Yellow, usual, tune, yesterday, yard.
w Wall, walk, wine, world.
l and ɫ Law, lots, leap, long, pill, cold, chill, melt.

We hope you will have understood the International phonetic alphabet examples.

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