English Grammar

How to identify parts of speech in sentences with explanation

Determination of the part of speech

You can distinguish parts of speech by how a particular word functions in a sentence. You can use small tips that are easy to find in the sentence. Lets read here the How to identify parts of speech?

For instance:

  • A noun can and should have the article “a”, “an”, “the” or the word “some” before a word.
  • The verb ends with the phrase “let us …”.
  • The adjective comes after the phrase “you are very …”.
  • The ending “-ly” forms an adverb when added to an adjective.

In English, it is sometimes difficult to determine which part of speech is a word in a sentence.

For example,

the same word can have many meanings, and it can act as a different part of speech. For example, the well-known word “book” can be used as an adjective, as a noun, and even as a verb.

  1. Give me this book please. – Give me this book, please (noun).
  2. I want to book a hotel. – I want to book a hotel (verb).
  3. I met her in a book shop. – I met her at the bookstore (adjective).

How to identify the parts of a sentence?

Now you will understand How to identify parts of speech?

A sentence conveys a message through the use of words, which together give meaning and sense, to clarify, ask, answer. Writers have the ability to combine and organize words in different ways, always following the basic parts of a sentence.

In grammar, the sentence is a base unit , which is made up of a subject and predicate , which are conjugated to write sentences, paragraphs. Therefore, as you strive to improve the quality of your writing, you need to understand what these basic structures are and how to use them effectively.

Parts of a sentence What are they?

Basically the sentence is made up of two main parts, which are:

The subject

The subject can be defined as a noun, which represents a person, place, animal and thing, where it receives the action, followed by the verb. In order to identify it, you can ask yourself who or what is being talked about, they can contain words, phrases, giving meaning to the text.

These questions make you quickly identify the subject that is contained in the sentence, the formula is as follows:

The subject, the verb, and (usually, but not always) the object.

For you to have more understanding about this term, you should know that there are different types of subjects that are:

  • Explicit: it is the one that appears reflected in the sentence.
  • Omitted: does not appear, but is expressed in the content of the sentence.
  • Undetermined : is one that is unknown.
  • Active: makes the verb come true.
  • Passive: has no action on the verb.
  • Cause: although it is named, it does not have the action of the verb.
  • Compound subject: there are several subjects in the same sentence.

the predicate

The predicate is known as a verb , they generally follow the subject and identify an action or state of existence. That is, it shows the information that the subject is carrying out, so that the entire context of the sentence has meaning and syntactic autonomy.

Within the predicate or verb you can add those that complement the sentence without losing focus, among them are:

  • Verbal predicate: the subject is affected by the action of the verb, composed of words that complement the sentence.
  • Nominal: they have verbs like to be, to be, to seem, called copulatives.
  • Adverbial: has adjectives that give qualities to the subject.
  • Simple: it only has one verb.
  • Compound: it can be like this: the main verb together with other words that modify the verb. Also, multiple verbs with words that change it.

Other parts you can find in a sentence

The other parts can be variable and invariable , among which can be mentioned:

Variable Rate Parts

  • Pronoun: has the purpose of changing the characteristics of the noun.
  • Article: is what sets the amount and type of the noun.
  • Verb: is the meaning of the sentence.
  • Adjective: has the function of modifying nouns.

invariant type

  • Adverb: modify the verb.
  • Interjection: are words or phrases that show feeling or a fact.
  • Conjunction: words that unify a sentence.
  • Preposition: it has the function of relating other phrases or words.

We hope that you understood How to identify parts of speech?

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