According to Spanish grammar, disjunctive conjunctions are one of the coordinating conjunctions that link words, syntactic groups, or sentences, in which there is no relationship between the linked elements, even if they are of the same level. On the other hand, they also have the quality of establishing a relationship of alternation, exclusion or alternative between the terms to which it points so that one or the other can be chosen. Disjunctive conjunctions with examples
Disjunctive conjunctions are characterized by appearing between coordinating elements, but never before the first alternative. That is, they first present alternative A , and connect it as a choice against B. In this way, they become instruments of the language that offer the possibility of being able to choose between two or more different realities, or between two variants of one. reality.
Likewise, disjunctive conjunctions are also used to coordinate the last two elements of a non-exhaustive, generalist exemplification.
Examples of disjunctive conjunctions
With some examples of disjunctive conjunctions, it is sure to be understood much better.
- You go up in the elevator or you go down the stairs . You have two options, which are raised in prayer.
- I don’t know if you want to eat orange or now prefer apple . Here the dilemma or doubt points to preferences.
- You play with the ball or with the small ball . If you have two options, which one do you choose?
- You cook meat or fish today . Two options, one choice.
- You use a bottle or jug for the water . Two options, at the same level.
What are the disjunctive conjunctions? The O
The disjunctive conjunction “o” is generally unstressed (without accent or accent), except when it appears between two numbers or figures. It will have a graphic accent so that it is not confused with zero and is more applicable in handwritten writing, although this spelling rule of the Spanish language is falling into disuse, since computers already have fonts and types to clearly differentiate the “o” from zero. , and thus that error of interpretation no longer exists.
Examples of disjunctive links with O
- Would you like 3 or 5 pieces of fruit? >> clearly when writing it with the computer, the same technological device tells us that it is not necessary to tick it. If the writing is done manually in the “o”, the accent would be placed.
- You buy 21 or 22 pencils of all the colors you want .
On the other hand, the sentences do not incorporate the accent, even if they were written manually or with a typewriter, since there is no possibility of confusion:
- You are going to Madrid or Barcelona, or to Valladolid.
- You study philosophy or medicine at the university.
- What instrument do you want to buy: a violin or a cello?
- You are 35 years old or older .
‘U as a disjunctive conjunction
The disjunctive conjunction “u” is used in both spoken and written language when the vowel sound of the next word begins with the sound / o /, that is, the next word begins with “o” or with ‘ho’ , to avoid cacophony. Disjunctive conjunctions with examples
- There were seven or eight books on the table.
- Study vocabulary or other relevant topics.
- Flower petals or leaves fall from trees.
- You listen to music by Andrés or Oscar.
- Those little animals are ladybugs or ants.
Other uses of disjunctive conjunctions
As for connecting links, they unite and link sentences or phrases making a bridge between various parts of discourse and exerting a meaning in what is said in a specific way. They are an indispensable part of oral and written language, in which they have a meaning and meaning to keep parts of phrases or sentences coordinated or subordinate to one another.
- We buy five or six kilos so that there is enough for everyone.
- Giving roses or hydrangeas will be fine for Mother’s Day.
- The ceremony will be held in one venue or another, depending on the attendees who attend.
These disjunctive coordinating effects make a separation or choice between the discursive terms in the text to separate or contradict ideas within it, and give a specific, unique or alternative meaning in an exclusive or exclusive way. The dilemma “u” is used almost as a final ultimatum.
- Are you staying or are you coming?
- You go up or down.
- You are asleep or awake.
- You are going to go by car or by bus.
- Do your homework or you don’t go outside.
The use of the open disjunction refers to compatible, inclusive or inclusive situations.
- We can go shopping tomorrow or leave it until next week.
- You don’t come on a trip for one reason or another.
- You read or study. Disjunctive conjunctions with examples
In the disjunctive conjunction of denominative equivalence its join two terms and expressions with the same nominative value, in which the terms are equivalent and indicate the same thing.
- The ENT, or ear specialist, receives his patient in the consultation.
- The numbers, or digits, indicated correspond to the numerical order.
- The alphabet, or alphabet, can be written in uppercase or lowercase letters.