Without knowing what could happen by the simple gesture of showing some foreigners who were Spanish some pieces of silver, the Chichimeca Indians for the year 1546 gave rise to what could become a great problem, quite prolonged and very bloody, which is called a true massacre . Chichimeca war
do you want to know what is it about? We will answer some questions like, where did this happen? Who participated in this conflict? What were its causes and finally, who was the winner? Do not stop, continue reading because in this article we will give the answers to all these questions in detail.
When and where did the Chichimeca War take place?
The fantastic discovery of Cerro la Bufa as an important carrier of silver did not take long to spread throughout Spain, so by the year 1550 this war gave signs of its beginning . The Spanish invasions in search of such wonderful fortunes, to the indigenous town of the Chichimeca ethnic group, as well as the mistreatment and abuse by this nation against the natives, was something daily.
Discontent on the part of the Chichimecas and other indigenous groups that resided in these places that were considered their lands began to be noticed. They also began with this, the attacks against the Spanish convoy in some states that today are known as Aguascalientes, Jalisco, San Martín, Zacatecas, San Luis, Mazapil and Guanajuato . This is how the so-called Chichimeca War begins .
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Who participated in the Chichimeca War?
The indigenous people of the Chichimeca, Wixarikas, the Zacatecas and Guachichiles Indians were some of those who participated in this well-known war. On the other hand, the Spanish were also involved , among them Juan de Tolosa, who was the first to obtain the mineral deposits we are talking about. In addition, in addition to these, some indigenous people also participated whom the Spanish managed to convince to be their allies , which can be said to be responsible for the unleashing of the atrocious behavior that the natives of the Aztec country took. In order to defend their heritage, to live free and without any type of mistreatment by strangers in their country, at home and on the way to their lands that they valued and cared for so much. Chichimeca war
The evident existence of mining resources in Zacatecas by the year 1546 and the rapid promotion of the use of these lands, through the harvest of products from Mexico and the progressive increase of mining companies in these geographical areas by the Spanish , were one of the main causes of the discontent of the locals. Another possible reason or cause of the conflict was that getting people to facilitate the work, that is, labor, was not easy, so they subjected the aborigines for this purpose. We can also mention some serious reasons why they fought at war, such as the violation of the human rights of these natives, such as: the abrupt or arbitrary irruption by the army of the Spanish homeland into the indigenous fields, as well as the physical abuse and psychological, sexual abuse and harassment, among others.
The events that occurred allowed us to see the response given by the tribe of hardened Chichimecas, namely, their counter attack related to the burning of people regardless of their age or sex, unscrupulous dismemberment of the parts of their bodies, such as arms, legs, eyes, among other. They also did not show any kind of respect for the corpses since they dared to stick spears and arrows in all parts of their face and head, as well as in their private parts and then hang them as a reward and a sign of triumph in their boastful victory. Chichimeca war
In view of the impressive massacre, in 1570 the Spaniards themselves found themselves imprisoned in a type of fortified city that they built to protect their property, their lives, their families and even their trade, a strategy that led to the failure of the initial objective, since these Cities with time became important populations that today are known as Aguascalientes, León, San Luis Potosí and Celaya.. Although it had not been the plan, it was something positive that happened. The intervention by the church and Viceroy Álvaro Manrique de Zúñiga for the year 1590 was what managed to agree with the natives the culmination of new differences and attacks. Despite this, when groups from the Island of Dominica settle in Spain in 1594, they realize that the conflictive situation prevails, which results in the beginning of a day of pacification between the parties . Chichimeca war
Later, with the proposal of the new Viceroy Luis de Velazco, which consisted of a peace pact in exchange for clothes, new lands, materials and a little food, in 1595 all attacks were put to an end . However, the natives who did not accept this pact resided in the mountains to continue attacking sporadically the invaders, among them, the Wixarikas who finally bought the tranquility or peace with a large number of dozens of the crops of their agriculture in the year 1791. .
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Taking into account the data of this extremely aggressive and brutal war, we can deduce that this fight was not victorious by any of the parties, it was simply neutralized or appeased with the peace bought in order to be able to take advantage of the Spanish mineral resources in this area. populated by Chichimecas through the aforementioned agreement or pact in a calm and smooth way.
However, we can name two groups the victor: the group of indigenous people that was transformed by the church and that contributed to the rapid recovery of peace in all these territories, and the Spaniards, who with many difficulties and cruel sacrifices finally managed to achieve their objective of benefiting from these important mining territories in Mexico. Chichimeca war