The history of Mexico has been marked by conflicts and divisions that have greatly affected the country and its economy. In 1913 another small period of fighting began between two sides that had different interests, so it was necessary to give the situation a break and reach a peace agreement that would put an end to this period. Treaties of Teoloyucan
What are the Teoloyucan Treaties?
On August 13, 1914 , documents were signed in the city of Teoloyucan that became known as the Treaties of Teoloyucan, where those who represented the Northeast Army Corps, Lucio Blanco, who was part of the revolutionary armies under the command of Lauro Villar , Álvaro Obregón, José Refugio Velazco, Gustavo A. Salas and Othon P. Blanco, admiral in command of the Navy by the usurpers, established the conditions under which the evacuation of the Plaza de la Ciudad de Mexico and the dissolution of the Federal Army itself .
The signing of the Treaties of Teoloyucan took place during the government of Victoriano Huerta, when the army led by Venustiano Carranza won the victory against a Lauro Villar who could not contain any longer in order to negotiate, capitulating without any conditions. Treaties of Teoloyucan
Background to the Treaties of Teoloyucan
General Victoriano Huerta realized in mid-1914 that he was not going to be able to retain power due to the victory of the approaching revolutionary side, so in mid-July he decided to resign the presidency and leave the country in exile status . The government that was established after that of Victoriano tried to reach an agreement with the revolutionaries, but this was useless, since they were interested in having the capital of the country handed over to them and in having the Federal Army dissolved.
Just a month later, Alfredo Robles Domínguez, who was one of the leaders of the Constitutionalist Army , met with the Secretary of War and Navy of the State, José Refugio Velazco, and after talking for a long time, the engineer Robles Domínguez raised reasons that seemed solid to carry out the definitive surrender of the government, such as the same invasion of the states of Veracruz and Tampico by the United States, in addition to future attacks against the State, all this in order to withdraw the Army Federal of the capital without the need to fight. Treaties of Teoloyucan
After this agreement reached by General Velazco, who represented the Federal Army, and the engineer Robles Domínguez, who had been sent by Venustiano Carranza, on August 11, 1914, the representatives of the Federal Army left the Mexican capital with Robles Domínguez. at the helm followed by the American Chargé d’Affaires Lionel Carden, the Minister of Brazil, Víctor Aygesparse, who was the Secretary of the Delegation of France, Ignacio de la Hidalga, Rómulo Velazco de Ceballos, Diego Arenas Guzmán and Rafael Lara Grajales. In the meeting that was held, they tried to reach an agreement for the diplomatic surrender of the current government and the dissolution of the Federal Army .
Signing of the Treaties of Teoloyucan
The following day, the commission representing the Federal Army arrived at the headquarters of General Álvaro Obregón, who informed the engineer Robles Domínguez and Eduardo N. Iturbe, as well as the rest of the assembled board that the name that would be given to the signed document It would be Treaties of Teoloyucan, where the delivery of Mexico City and the definitive dissolution of the Federal Army were determined. On August 13, 1914, the Teoloyucan Treaties were signed on a car in order to achieve the objectives set.
At the signing of this document, two minutes were created, where the first was signed by General Álvaro Obregón and Eduardo Iturbe, who was the governor of the Federal District, in which the reasons for which the entry of the constitutional forces to the Mexican capital of Mexico City . Treaties of Teoloyucan
On the other hand, in the second act, which was signed by General Gustavo A. Salas, representative of the Federal Army, and Vice Admiral Othón P. Blanco, representative of the Navy, in addition to General Lucio Blanco, representative of the Constitutionalist Army and General Obregón; All the details and characteristics were raised for the eviction of the Plaza de México and the dissolution of the Federal Army .
Evidently, Venustiano Carranza was chosen to govern the nation and carry out the work that Madero had previously promised to do to reform the agrarian sector, something that had become a necessity. However, after he achieved office, he faced the same interest struggle that Madero faced at the time , where landowners with great influence and possession of land in large estates opposed and condemned Carranza as they did with Log.
As Carranza did not comply with what he had proposed, Pancho Villa and Zapata also began to distrust him, with the additional fact that Zapata was not summoned to sign the Treaties of Teoloyucan. Upon learning of these doubts, Carranza created the so-called Revolutionary Convention , where all the leaders of the nation were presented and a head of the nation in general was recognized. Treaties of Teoloyucan
As Carranza knew of Villa and Zapata’s distrust of him, and taking into account that he could no longer choose to trust them either, he decided to confront them, which led the country to experience another period full of violence and blood when it had just finished. finish one .