Adjectives in English grammar
The adjectives are words that complement the noun to provide more information about that, punctuating general qualities or detailing a particular feature that is inherent.
The adjectives have a specific or explanatory function: “he is an exemplary father “, “I only drink red wine “, “I like classical music “, “the white snow hit me “.
It can be noted that in the latter case ( white snow), the adjective is expendable and in fact redundant (since it is known that the snow is white), but these uses are accepted especially in literature, for its clear emphatic value.
At this point, the adjective works as a complement to the noun, that these must coincide in terms of gender ( male or female ) and number (singular or plural). Anyway, it is necessary to clarify that not all adjectives have variation in gender.
- See also: Prayers with adjectives
Types of adjectives
The great plurality of characteristics that objects, people, feelings and situations can have makes there an infinity of adjectives, which for reasons of simplification are framed in different categories or classes.
The best known class of adjectives is that of qualifying adjectives , which are widely used in everyday speech and are often thought of as the only existing category of adjectives.
However, other categories of adjectives are also very frequent:
- Possessive : They indicate belonging: ‘mi’, ‘sus’,
- Demonstrative : Indicate proximity or remoteness: ‘that’, ‘those’,
- Numerals : Indicate numerical relationships in terms of quantity (cardinal adjectives) or order: ‘six’, ‘third’.
- Indefinite : They mark generalizations, like ‘anyone’, ‘each’ and ‘many’. These appear permanently in our speech.
- Participants : Indicate proportion or fraction of a whole indicated by a noun. Ex. ‘ Middle’, ‘third’ .
- Articles : Mark the condition of known or specific, such as ‘the’ or ‘ones’,
The adjectives, while not essential for all the grammatical structure of sentences, in some cases themselves are fundamental. The narrative gives special value to the descriptive fragments, both characters and scenes or places, without which other fragments could not be interpreted or captured in the same way.