Syntax

ABC of English Grammar Simple Sentences with Illustrations

Simple sentences in English

The simple sentences are units of meaning that have syntactic autonomy and are composed of a single predicate. All the verbs in the sentence correspond to the same subject and, therefore, are housed in a single predicate (which can be simple or compound). ABC of English Grammar Simple SentencesFor example:

  • Juan was hungry. 

“John” is the subject and “was hungry” is the simple verbal predicate (since it has only one verb).

John was hungry and ate too much. 

  • “Juan” is the subject and “he was hungry and ate too much” is the compound verbal predicate (since it has two verbs that correspond to the same subject).

Simple sentences can have: 

Simple subject 

For example: Maria dances very well. (it is simple because it has only one core: “Maria”)

Composite subject 

For example: María and Juana dance very well. (It is composed because it has more than one verbal nucleus: “María” and “Juana”)

Implied subject 

For example: Dance very well. (It is implied because it is not explicit but it is understood that it speaks of him, her or you)

Compound predicate 

For example: Maria dances and sings very well. (It is composed because it has two verbal nuclei: “dance” and “sing”)

Simple predicate

For example, Maria dances very well. (It’s simple because it has a single verbal nucleus: “dance”)

Examples of simple sentences

  • My grandmother cooked noodles with stew for me.
  • The sun will rise at 6.30 in the morning.
  • Damien cut his hair.
  • My aunt went to the supermarket in the car.
  • I bought a new bike.
  • I have an appointment with the dentist at 6:00 p.m.
  • Tomorrow we have the camp.
  • The mayor was reelected yesterday.
  • The teacher explained the French Revolution.
  • I have tickets for the latest Ricardo Darín movie.

ABC of English Grammar Simple Sentences

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