In democratic systems there are two types of political office. Those who are the representatives of the popular will and those who are handpicked by the former. When that happens, people talk about patronage or nepotism. Although this is a reality in many countries, it is a form of corruption. Political Position
Those who benefit from this occasion are usually relatives of politicians, as well as friends or party members who are placed in the state’s public enterprises .
To camouflage irregular political positions within an administration, it is customary to employ some euphemism , such as a position of trust, party advisor, or a free-appointed position.
For any individual to occupy a position of responsibility in a company or in administration, the system of choice should be based on merit, the ability of the candidates, and equal opportunities. Meritocracy incorporates a criterion of objective and fair choice, above all, it is a formula that avoids corruption, since all candidates for a position are evaluated on equal terms. However, in many countries there is a corrupt tradition in which the creation of political offices has been irregularly normalized.
The clientelism in the field of politics
Nepotism in the political sphere has an immediate consequence , the creation of a network of clients. Thus, he who puts people in his interest knows that they owe him a debt of gratitude and that they somehow owe him a favor. This form of corruption is known as clientelist politics and is based on a general principle: I give you something and in return you owe me a favor. Political Position
Formulas that try to combat corruption in politics
The designation of political positions with patronage interests is harmful because it undermines democracy and generates a deep distrust of citizens. For this reason, in some countries mechanisms have been proposed to correct the endemic evil of corruption in politics. Some proposed measures are as follows:
1) significantly limit the number of advisers and occasional workers who can exercise an activity in the administration, Political Position
2) that public procurement is subject to transparent criteria,
3) make the necessary legislative changes so that hand-picked public positions are not considered as civil servants,
4) that the activity of political “advisors” be carried out by public officials and not by hired personnel.
While these and other measures can be effective, political corruption can only be fought with a profound change in the mindset of a people. Political Position