One of the consequences of prolonged exposure to the sun on the body is known as heat stroke or heat stroke. It usually happens when performing services in the field, in the civil construction sector and during intense sports activities. Heat Stroke
As a general rule, heat stroke occurs in countries with four seasons and during the summer, a period that is common to exceed 35 degrees for several days.
In the first phase, the skin becomes red, there is a dryness in the mouth due to the lack of fluid, an increase in body temperature , excessive sweating and everything that accompanies a sensation of suffocating heat.
In a second phase, the affected person experiences muscle weakness and cramps, as well as headache and stomach pain and an accelerated heart rate.
Initial symptoms can cause physical exhaustion , nausea, vomiting, disorientation and confusion, including loss of consciousness . In extreme cases it is possible for the individual to go into a coma or even die.
In relation to health care there is a very extended maxim, prevention is better than cure. Thus, to prevent a heat stroke, it is advisable to adopt a series of measures: avoid eating in abundance; drink water periodically so that the body stays hydrated; protect yourself from the sun with a cap or a scarf; wear sunglasses with sun protection; use protective skin cream and wear comfortable, light clothing.
However, the main preventive measure is to avoid sun exposure during the hottest hours. These tips are especially useful for people who work in the sun for a long time or those who play outdoor sports during the summer.
How to act when faced with a heat stroke?
In case a person suffers a heat stroke it is recommended to adopt a series of measures. First, go to a health service urgently and then place the affected person in a cool, ventilated area in a lying position.
To reduce body temperature it is advisable to apply cold water cloths on the body, preferably in the neck, armpits and groin area. On the other hand, you should remove unnecessary clothing and keep the airways clear. Finally, the victim should not be abandoned until medical assistance arrives.