Philosophy is knowledge with more than 2500 years of history in the western world. It is a discipline based on rational thinking and is formed by several branches: logic, metaphysics , epistemology and ethics. Heteronomy
The concept we are going to analyze is part of ethical terminology and was introduced and developed by one of the great philosophers of humanity, Immanuel Kant
Kant addresses an ethical reflection that could be expressed through a question: what should determine our will when acting morally? According to this eighteenth-century thinker, there are two possibilities. One of them is an external proposal, a heteronomous thought. This means that we say that something is morally good or bad because there is a reference given to us: a regulation, a divine mandate or certain values of a doctrine. Heteronomy
In this case, our moral choice is limited, in fact we are not fully free, as we abide by a criterion that we accept as valid. Thus, heteronomy means that the individual does not choose by his own rational will what his behavior should be , but that there is something external to him that determines it.
According to Kant, a heteronomous ethic is not correct or incorrect, but it is certainly not an autonomous posture
Consequently, he proposes that the will will be totally free only if it starts from the individual reason itself. Thus, heteronomy is opposed to autonomy, with moral autonomy being another possible answer to the question addressed above. Heteronomy
Let’s think about the children. Their moral behavior is supervised by adults, who establish a pattern of behavior. In this way, children behave with a heteronomous criterion. However, when they become adults, they must decide for themselves what is good and why, in other words, they can adopt autonomous ethical criteria.
From the point of view of evolutionary psychology , some theories emphasize the development of children’s moral rules: between 4 and 8 years of age they find themselves under the structure of heteronomous morality and from 8 years of age onwards, they begin to internalize the norms with autonomous assessments. Heteronomy
The moral conscience that we have is, according to Kant, the expression of human freedom, which means that we should morally aspire to create our individual moral evaluation, independently of external and heteronomous evaluations.
Kantian thought criticizes the heteronomy of the will, since it considers that the man guided by reason and the one who wants to be free can only submit to the moral laws imposed on himself. Heteronomy