The diorama is a type of model which represents some kind of situation. In other words, it is a scenic space of usually reduced size that serves to represent different realities in three dimensions, such as nativity scenes, historical episodes, natural habitats, urban spaces, etc.
These models are commonly used in schools, but also in museums, exhibition halls or among collectors who want to represent their passion for a specific subject or theme.
In relation to the word diorama, it comes from the Greek and literally means through sight. diorama
The appearance of the first dioramas
At the beginning of the 19th century, photography and cinema did not exist . In this context, the theater was the most popular and socially recognized spectacle. The invention of the first diorama is owed to Frenchman Louis Daguerre, who developed a visual spectacle in which spectators watched animated scenes that changed appearance with effects on stage and lighting. The diorama is a variant of theatrical scenography and considered a precursor to cinematography .
the world of collecting
A specific area that can be observed is in the field of collection figures, based on films or comics, represented mainly through scenes that give an extra value to the characters, given the possession, situation and base they accompany. diorama
Companies such as Kotobukiya, Iron Studios or Sideshow are some of the main references in this art, from creations in sizes ranging from 1/4 to 1/10 (the latter characteristic in the lines of Iron Studios). There are larger sizes, which can reach 1/1 and represent a real vision of the personality and the scene, but in these cases numerous elements participate, the dimension most frequently appreciated is 1/6.
The purpose of dioramas
The purpose of these three-dimensional circumstances is twofold: to facilitate the teaching of a topic in the academic field and, at the same time, to communicate an idea through a fun format. This type of model is considered a very useful teaching tool for children in the first years of school. diorama
In the learning process for younger children, theoretical explanations can be boring and not very dynamic. For this reason, dioramas become a strategy that combines the rigor of information with entertainment.
Anyone who observes a diorama visualizes a scene that represents a reality and in this learning process, words are unimportant. It can be said that these models are pedagogically useful as long as they are accompanied by an explanation of their content.
In order to manufacture any dioroma, it is first necessary to carry out research on which elements must be integrated and which purpose they can communicate. Obviously, the students themselves can be the protagonists in its fabrication.
Some of its variants
Generally, the scale of the dioramas is reduced, as this facilitates the interaction between the observer and the scene being represented. However, on certain occasions, they have a size close to reality. diorama
The variety of dioramas is quite wide and can be represented: in shop windows so that the public does not manipulate the content, in boxes with different dimensions, in books that when opened represent a story, in the form of cards, among others.