Literature

Differences between realism and naturalism in detail

Realism

Realism focuses on explaining how people’s lives are, realism does not care about the ways of thinking or the interior of each individual, but focuses on, how they live their life objectively, realism what they What matters is to focus on the external aspects, What makes people’s lives change? For example, it focuses on the different versions of how society treats us, whether through the family, politics or the church. Differences between realism and naturalism

It is not looking for a depth of thoughts, but to demonstrate to those who see realism, what life is really like and what are the factors that can determine how they are lived, many times it can be considered a bit pessimistic, since it places a lot of emphasis in all the injustices that can be lived. Within realism there are two currents of thought, positivism and materialism, the first is about the search for knowledge, while the second, as its name indicates, focuses on the material, what you have determines who you are.

Naturalism

Understanding realism we can go on elucidating what naturalism is about, it is based on internal problems of the person, that is, ontological disorders that determine the way in which life is lived, naturalism focuses on demonstrating how problems affect the person, about how our own attitude can be a determining factor in living life, then naturalism does not care about anyone other than the person himself to determine what life is like.

If you are looking for an example to enter into this way of thinking, you can read the work called “It is enough for me.” It is called determinism, this current is the perfect complement to naturalism since it is about finding the solution to problems.

Key Differences

  1. Realism is more descriptive but, from the point of view of the interests of the bourgeoisie.
  2. Naturalism is realistic and extends its narrative to the most disadvantaged classes. It seeks to explain social problems in an almost mechanical way and makes a deep social critique.
  3. Naturalism seeks to reproduce reality with total impartiality.
  4. Realism reproduces the reality of the time from a bourgeois point of view.
  5. Naturalism adopts an amoral attitude to represent life.
  6. Realism represents life from the point of view of bourgeois moral values.
  7. On the one hand, Realism includes social criticism in a rather superficial way. Social issues do appear but not with great interest in the reform. The intention of the authors is really to make known what is happening in the country and defend a specific ideological position. In Naturalism, on the other hand, a much more ferocious social criticism is made due to the injustices that bourgeois society was carrying out. The main intention is to reform society.
  8. Realism includes social criticism but in a superficial way (social issues appear but without moralizing or reform intention).
  9. Naturalism makes a clear social criticism and denunciation due to the degradation and injustices of bourgeois society, with the intention of reforming society.
  10. In Naturalism the language is more complex (scientific lexicon: they use the scientific method to analyze the characters)
  11. In Realism the voice of the narrator is more objective: omniscient narrator in 3rd person.

Differences between realism and naturalism

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