A nation’s legislative power is aimed at making laws. In many nations this power is realized by two chambers of differentiated representations, an upper house or senate and a lower house or congress . To name this system, the term bicameralism is used. Bicameralism
This two-chamber model has as its general criterion a dual purpose: to establish a balance of power system and, on the other hand, for one of these two spaces to act as a counterweight to the other. Bicameralism
Spain’s political system
The Spanish Constitution of 1978 is composed of the bicameral model. On the one hand there is the Congress of Deputies and on the other the Senate.
Congress is the representative body of citizens. These directly elect their representatives or deputies, whose mission is to draft laws. These laws are debated in the plenary and later discussed in the various working committees where the parliamentary groups present amendments to the proposed norms.
The Senate is a second chamber, that is, a review body of the Congress of Deputies. It works very similarly to Congress, but with a peculiarity: part of the senators is not directly elected by the citizens, but are appointed by the autonomous communities. The Senate’s fundamental function is to carry out a second reading of the laws previously drafted in Congress. Bicameralism
the British political system
The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. All these nations share the same monarch and for this reason it is a parliamentary monarchy .
The British parliament is bicameral: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The first is made up of 650 members who were directly elected by universal suffrage and each of the parliamentarians represents an electoral district. Bicameralism
The second chamber does not have a fixed number of representatives, on the other hand, its members were not elected by universal suffrage (the spiritual lords are members of the Anglican Church or the nobility and their positions are for life, while the temporary lords are appointed by the British monarch based on your experience and qualifications). Its role is twofold: to review the House of Commons bills and, on the other hand, to act as an appellate court . Bicameralism