Aesthetic emotions, or emotions of the arts, are linked to the instinct of knowledge and its satisfaction is perceived emotionally. These emotions are expressed through language since they are so intense and deep that they must be communicated, managed and regulated. When you observe or listen to a work of art that causes you some emotion, neurotransmitters of pleasure are released (dopamines, serotonin, norepinephrine, among others) which are also the neurotransmitters that facilitate learning and memory. . Art drives these emotions, the problem is in our western culture which represses emotions and reassures us that we continue to be emotionally illiterate.
How they are perceived
As we already mentioned, aesthetic emotions are produced because some expression of art (or natural creation) impresses the individual cognitive and affective state . In this sense, many neuroscientists affirm that these emotions are categorized in the brain according to the relevance and modulation that people give them.
This type of artistic emotions are identified through different facial parameters, voice changes, body postures, among other elements. Although the real time in which the bodily and emotional response will be given is not yet known for sure. Actually, these are manifestations that start from the individual perspective and, as such, are perceived in different ways .
For their part, artists use different codes (signs and symbols) to communicate their feelings. Artistic emotions or aesthetic emotions can be expressed through dance, music, painting and endless artistic compositions with different constituent elements to give it the desired shape. In short, the artist expresses what he feels to generate these emotions in the viewers.
Examples of aesthetic and artistic emotions
If we talk about artistic emotions, there are many examples of aesthetic emotions that we can cite. For example, Goya’s painting “Munch’s Scream” can provoke emotions such as anger, rage or disgust . Likewise, there are many examples of aesthetic and artistic emotions, such as:
- Sadness when reading a novel or watching a movie.
- Surprise when seeing a documentary or an architectural work.
- Joy when listening to a symphony or an opera, among many others.
Undoubtedly, art encourages different emotional reactions , favors creativity and allows a direct connection between the creator and the receiver. In fact, due to its relevance, it is already common to manage aesthetic emotions from childhood education to promote rapprochement and social interaction from an early age.