The Third Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technical-Scientific-Informational Revolution, is the last moment of the period in which Europe and America underwent significant economic and social changes. The period began in the 1950s and continues to the present. Third industrial revolution summary
The main milestone of this stage of the Industrial Revolution was the use of electronics and information technology to modernize the industry.
During this period, advances began to emerge in several areas of technology, such as robotics, biotechnology, genetic studies, among others.
Features of the Third Industrial Revolution
After the Second World War, the world entered a stage of important technological developments, motivated mainly by the junction between the advance of scientific knowledge and the growth of industrial production. In this phase, much of the knowledge produced was aimed at improving industrial development . Third industrial revolution summary
However, the growth of scientific knowledge, although it has been widely used in the industrial area, was not restricted to this sector. Agriculture and livestock activities, for example, were also influenced by these advances.
From the growth of the globalization process , the capitalist model became the most used in the world and the use of technologies that promoted dynamization and massification of industrial productivity in this system was increasingly encouraged.
The work was also intensified and made it possible to create new products, which began to compete in an increasingly competitive market. As a result, there was a huge accumulation of capital and more investment in technologies for production, marketing and service provision.
Computer activities , such as computers, software , microelectronics, chips , transistors, electronic circuits and robotics became more used in industries, commerce and telecommunications. Third industrial revolution summary
New energy sources , such as nuclear power, were used to help keep the industry afloat. There was also the expansion of radio and television transmitters, fixed and mobile telephony, the aerospace industry, biotechnology, among many other innovations.
In summary, the main features of the Third Industrial Revolution are:
- Advanced industrial development;
- Influence of the globalization process;
- Propagation of multinational companies;
- Advancement of the capitalist model;
- High investment in new technologies;
- Use of technology and information technology in industry;
- Emergence of new energy sources. Third industrial revolution summary
Major inventions and discoveries
Among the main inventions and discoveries of the Third Industrial Revolution, the following stand out:
- Use of new metallic alloys used in metallurgy and in the construction of more modern means of transport, such as airplanes;
- Emergence of computing and its application in the automation of production processes;
- Use of atomic energy applied to electricity production and medicine,
- Technological development in biotechnology and genetics;
- Mobile phones,
- The conquest of space, highlighted by rockets, space stations, probes and artificial satellites;
- Emergence of the internet.