Syntax

Structure of sentences in English with examples

Sentences in English

A sentence is a group of words that you say or, as in this case, write. Sentences always start with a capital letter and usually end with a period. This does not mean that everything that begins with a capital letter and ends with a period is a sentence. In this article we will describe the Structure of sentences in English.

For example, let’s look at this phrase: ” Guzzle Brian dog beats. “

Structure of Sentences in English

Not only does it make no sense, it is not a sentence. The reason for this is because all sentences must have at least three parts:

1. Subject / Subject:

It is the main person or object of the sentence. It can be the person or object that performs or on whom the action of prayer falls. Usually, it is a personal pronoun, a proper noun, or a noun.

2. Preach / Predicate:

The predicate tells you what the subject is doing or what the subject is like. It is made up of the verb and the complement of the sentence.

2.1 Verb


It is the action of prayer. The verb in a sentence can participate in two ways: main verb / main verb, and auxiliary verb / auxiliary verb.

2.2 Complement


The complement is the remaining content of the sentence outside the subject and the verb. It can be made up of adverbs, adjectives, prepositions or names, depending on the type of sentence and its meaning within a speech. STRUCTURE OF SENTENCES IN ENGLISH

For Example

Paul wrote me a letter

Subject+verb+Complement

Paul , who is a proper noun, is the subject of the sentence. The predicate is ” wrote me a letter / wrote me a letter “ , as it tells us what Ned did.

Wrote: wrote, is the action that is carried out in the sentence, and ” me a letter ”  tells us what it was that he wrote and for whom it was addressed.

  • Some sentences can have more than one action or verb, for example:

I read the letter and got angry.

Subject+verb+Complement+verb+Complement

  • In some cases, a sentence can have more than one subject, like this:

Paul and I are not talking anymore.

Subject+Subject+verb+verb+Complement

 3. Invisible you

Invisible you is known in Spanish as a tacit subject, which is not named, but is understood in the sentence. Although in Spanish we can use this type of subject all the time, in English it is only used to give an order, so the subject of the sentence is always you / you or you, to whom you want the instruction to be addressed,

For example:

Get out of my way

verb+Complement

Questions

Questions, like Wh Questions, are also sentences, but unlike other types of sentences, they do not end with a period, but with a question mark. For example:

  • Where is Fred?
    Where’s Fred?

Some questions are sentences that are usually said daily such as:

  • Question:  Is Fred there?
    Question: Is Fred there?
  • Answer:  Fred is there.
    Answer: Fred is there

If you have trouble identifying the predicate of a question, you can change the order of the question to that of a normal sentence, as we did in the previous example.

You can also remove the subject and everything in the question that will constitute the predicate.

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