Similarities between Realism and Naturalism


Realism focuses on explaining how people’s lives are, realism does not care about the ways of thinking or the interior of each individual, but focuses on, how they live their life objectively, realism what they What matters is to focus on the external aspects, What makes people’s lives change? For example, it focuses on the different versions of how society treats us, whether through the family, politics, or the church. In this article we will provide you the similarities between realism and naturalism.

It is not looking for a depth of thoughts, but to demonstrate to those who see realism, what life is really like and what are the factors that can determine how they are lived, many times it can be considered a bit pessimistic since it places a lot of emphasis in all the injustices that can be lived. Within realism there are two currents of thought, positivism, and materialism, the first is about the search for knowledge, while the second, as its name indicates, focuses on the material, what you have determines who you are.


Understanding realism we can go on elucidating what naturalism is about, it is based on internal problems of the person, that is, ontological disorders that determine the way in which life is lived, naturalism focuses on demonstrating how problems affect the person, about how our own attitude can be a determining factor in living life, then naturalism does not care about anyone other than the person himself to determine what life is like.

If you are looking for an example to enter into this way of thinking, you can read the work called “It is enough for me.” It is called determinism, this current is the perfect complement to naturalism since it is about finding the solution to problems.

Key Similarities between realism and naturalism.

  1. Both currents present a social critique
  2. They make a detailed and meticulous description of reality, showing the situations and characters in a realistic and objective way -> a search for plausibility.
  3. The psychological depth of the characters: describes very well how they think and why they act in a certain way.
  4. The topics and situations that are dealt with belong to contemporary reality at the time of writing (late nineteenth century).
  5. The characters that star in the works are usually anonymous characters, sometimes from the upper bourgeoisie (or the old nobility come to less) or miserable characters from the marginal world -> costumbrismo: environments and popular characters.
  6. The novel is cultivated as the main literary genre. In addition, they are long novels and where the description and psychological deepening of the characters prevail over the action (the plot is very simple).
  7. As part of the realistic description of the world, they include a language appropriate to each character: colloquialisms and even vulgarisms are mixed in low characters (servants, beggars, etc.) and more formal language in characters of a higher social status. 
  8. There is an important presence of the interior monologues of the characters and the use of free indirect style.

We hope that you have noted the similarities between realism and naturalism.

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