The lyrical attitudes are the different ways in which the poetic speaker, also called the lyrical speaker, can assume a poem; the subject becomes an incarnate verb and vice versa. The boundary lines between the reciting individual and the spoken verses disappear. Lyrical Attitudes Types and Examples
When the lyrical attitudes are fully carried out, those who observe the evocation succeed in witnessing the actual poetic consummation. This subject cannot be spoken less intensely if it is understood that poetry is one of the most intimate manifestations of the human psyche.
Poetry is considered by some as the voice of the soul; then, the lyrical attitudes of a speaker to it declare the very essence of a human being.
When it is recited there is implied a surrender, a taking, a possession. The subject who goes and declaims does not return being the same, and the poem no longer looks the same in the eyes of those who saw it incarnate. Lyrical Attitudes Types and Examples
Types and their examples
There are three types of lyrical attitudes:
Enunciative lyrical attitude
The lyrical speaker assigns himself a narrative stance. The one who recites does it from the outside tells what happens to the lyrical object.
This distancing does not imply an emotional break between the speaker and the poem. The “poetic self” persists but assumes a descriptive attitude. The lyrical speaker‘s role in the enunciative attitude is to shape the environment in which the lyrical object unfolds.
Despite not being the center of the plot, the lyrical speaker owes the materialization of the poem; therefore, this must be done with every resource that allows him to fully express the emotion implied by the verses he recites. Lyrical Attitudes Types and Examples
“He rode the spaces with the dunes on his shoulder,
blue animals from other moons followed his name,
The streets were alien to him,
metals out of the soul of the earth.
He went far to divest himself,
he wanted to devour himself,
to be forgotten,
I was fed up and lucid
he had gotten fed up with his man’s skin ”.
“He knew how to disassemble the doors in time,
leave the house naked.
When he woke up he was alone,
covered in concrete
and with the keys locked inside the soul ”.
Here you can clearly see a poetic discourse around a lyrical subject other than the one he recites. The lyrical speaker is limited to giving life to the environment and actions, but for this he necessarily requires soaking up a strong emotional charge.
Lyrical apostrophic attitude
In this mode the lyrical speaker assumes an active position within the discourse, is part of the poem, addresses a poetic subject waiting for an answer.
This presence of the speaker as an active lyrical voice, as the protagonist, increases the intensity of the speech, giving it another identity. Lyrical Attitudes Types and Examples
The apostrophic lyrical attitude, also known as appellative, is one of the poetic devices most used by writers. The speaker‘s interaction with that necessary “something” opens up an immense range of lyrical possibilities; the implicit thematic richness is immeasurable.
It is important to note that the lyrical object is not static, since it can interact and respond. This gives a very interesting dynamism to the apostrophic lyrical attitude.
” Garúa in the wood,
nothing will bring that meat back to the tree.
Leave her termite heaven,
sawdust of amazement,
forest carved by the hand of the cabinetmaker,
something good about not blooming,
of never tasting blood again
from the heart of the earth ”.
“ The virtue of the poets touched you.
You dressed your suit
you undressed the city,
you sowed yourself at every door,
in every place where the light is a myth.
You were an alchemist of silence
lord of distances, Lyrical Attitudes Types and Examples
You founded a kingdom of whims and bastards.
“You dream a lot, poet”,
the gannets of my town used to tell you.
In the end the talent redeems,
the leaf made woman,
the wood resonating,
that of crossing life with another shadow,
with deep eyes,
with real name hidden
and the tear inside ”.
In this case, an appealing discourse is openly evident where the lyrical speaker interacts with a poetic object. There is no answer in either case; however, this does not imply that there cannot be answers in others.
Carmine lyrical attitude
Of the three lyrical attitudes this is the most intense, the most personal. In the carmine attitude the subject alludes to his interior. A deep subjectivity is appreciated in which, in a large number of cases, dream language is the protagonist. Lyrical Attitudes Types and Examples
The carmine attitude is revealing: it shows the fusion of the speaker and the lyrical object to give way to the “poetic self”. Despite the fact that the three actions have their importance and degree of difficulty, it is this that requires the greatest dedication on the part of the lyrical speaker.
“I already went,
I already went and I came,
rushed at night,
because there would be no tomorrow,
and time would die
and with it the borrowed light,
the chords and the shadows,
and that desperate voice.
I already went,
I already went and I came,
no more dying verses,
no more you and me in the bower. “
“I walk to sweat the soul of thoughts and memories,
to heat the space,
of his distant body.
—Take your flight a little
that the night migrates to my temples
and the sea claims its cold myth and shore from the serene,
the hollowed stone is repeated
and stop a wave that rests there,
in your name”.
In both poems you can notice a self-absorbed language, a persistent melancholy, a non-correspondence. The role of the poetic speaker is more penetrating and alive; the carmine voice is flooded with absences and becomes the most heartfelt of lyrical attitudes.
Variation in lyrical attitudes
As a result of all the above, it must be taken into account that lyrical attitudes vary according to the subject, since it is the “poetic self” manifesting itself.
Each individual has their own lyrical attitude and no one approaches a poem in the same way. It is not in vain that it is said among poets that the poem does not belong to the person who writes it, but to the person who recites it.
A poem can easily contain the three lyrical attitudes, poetry gives for that and for more. Of course, in these cases the lyrical speaker must soak up the lyrics to get the best of himself and achieve the most appropriate and heartfelt speech. Lyrical Attitudes Types and Examples
The lyrical attitudes come to represent one of the most important parts of the poetic event. They allow us to get closer to the fiber of human feeling, to the real understanding of the lyric.