Semantics

Difference between synonyms and antonyms with examples

Synonymous

Synonyms are words that have a full or similar meaning to another. They are used in Spanish to be used in texts in order not to repeat words and enrich the discourse. They establish synonymy relationships which are important in lexicographic analysis in order to prepare definitions. Synonyms not only enrich the language but they can cause a preference for one of the forms over the rest, causing them to become obsolete and disappear. There are words that despite having similar meanings do not behave syntactically the same, this leads us to the types of synonyms: Difference between synonyms and antonyms

There are words that despite having similar meanings do not behave syntactically the same, this leads us to the types of synonyms:

1-Total or strict synonyms:

They are those that have the same meaning in all linguistic contexts. Partial or contextual synonyms: They have the same meaning in many contexts but not in all. They can vary depending on the context and geography.

2-Referential synonyms:

They do not mean the same but indicate common features.

3-Synonyms of connotation:

these are terms that lose their true meaning.

Antonym

They are words that have opposite meanings. They belong to the same grammatical category. There are three classes of antonyms:

1-Gradual:

The two words gradually oppose each other. For example, cold and hot, because between them there is warm and warm.

2-Complementary:

The meaning of one can eliminate that of the other. They are incompatible with each other.

3-Reciprocal:

They establish a relationship from the opposite point of view, they do not exist without each other.

Differences between synonym and antonym

  • Synonyms are expressions that store a semantic and conceptual relationship or similarity.
  • Antonyms are terms that are themselves opposite to each other.¬†They can be gradual, complementary or reciprocal. Difference between synonyms and antonyms

Examples of Synonyms

  • Nice- beautiful
  • Warm -hot
  • Cold- icy
  • Warn- prevent
  • Dance- dance
  • Kiss-kiss
  • Fat obese
  • Student-student
  • Joy-joy
  • Teach-educate
  • Enrage-anger
  • Illuminate-illuminate
  • Hear-listen
  • Fugitive-Fugitive
  • Physician-physician
  • Little-scarce
  • Steal-steal
  • Gift-gift
  • Valuable-precious
  • Priest heals

Examples of Antonyms

  • Joy-sadness
  • Abundant-Scarce
  • Love Hate
  • Fast slow
  • Opaque-Clear
  • Hard-Soft
  • Cold-Hot
  • High Low
  • Thin fat
  • Bitter¬† sweet
  • Peace war
  • Fun-Boring
  • Wide-Narrow
  • Talkative-Quiet
  • Poverty wealth
  • Patient-Intolerant
  • Strong weak
  • Dead live
  • Brave coward
  • Defeat-Triumph

Difference between synonyms and antonyms

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