Language and Linguistics

Difference between Empirical and Scientific Knowledge/comparison table

The scientific knowledge is acquired by using the scientific method . In addition, it is carried out in an organized manner and measurements are made that allow quantifying the relevant variables associated with the phenomenon under study, this gives it the character of an objective . Difference between Empirical and Scientific Knowledge

The conditions in which the experiment with which the generation of scientific knowledge is being carried out is carried out can be reproduced anywhere and by anyone. The results obtained must be the same or statistically similar.

In contrast, empirical knowledge is subjective , this means that it is acquired through practice or through experience . The generation of subjective knowledge happens without objective measurements being made, it depends entirely on the observation that is carried out through the five senses. Difference between Empirical and Scientific Knowledge

Sometimes problems cannot be solved with a single approach, that is, subjectivity and objectivity must be used to achieve a satisfactory solution. A measuring instrument is not always at hand, for example, in every problem that society faces the human factor is decisive, measuring the degree of acceptance of a human group to new circumstances is not related to any measurement pattern. Many times a mixed approach is the best alternative.

It is even possible that intuition allows us to establish experimental hypotheses to work with the scientific method and generate, in the end, objective knowledge. Difference between Empirical and Scientific Knowledge

Comparative chart Difference between Empirical and Scientific Knowledge

Empirical knowledge
Scientific knowledge
Definition Empirical knowledge can be defined as the set of knowledge based on human perception and personal experience. It is everything that is perceived, known and verified day by day. On the other hand, as its name indicates, scientific knowledge comes from what can be (and has been or could be) proven or verified thanks to science. Many times it lacks the everyday or obvious on which empirical knowledge is based.
Features / principles Particular, practical and necessary. Consistent, universal and not necessarily necessary.
Beginning Empiricism is born out of everyday life. Because of this many scientists and philosophers considered it vulgar for many years. It has no established method or system. Empirical knowledge is what leads the human being through his daily life. It enables you to carry out common tasks at work, school, and in personal relationships. The real is what is perceived. Difference between Empirical and Scientific Knowledge Scientific knowledge instead comes from science. It has been questioned, tested and proven by the scientific community. From this, theories, hypotheses and laws have been created. This type of knowledge is systematic, analytical, specific and factual. Their language is often specialized and technical. The real is what is proven.

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