Who was involved in the Korean war characteristics causes effects outcome

Korean war

War conflict between South Korea and North Korea, occurred within the framework of the Cold War. In this article we will make you aware Who was involved in the Korean war?

Date 1950 – 1953.
Place Korean Peninsula, Sea of ​​Japan.
Belligerents North Korea vs. South Korea.
Outcome Agreement between both nations.

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Who was involved in the Korean war?

The Korean War was a warlike conflict between South Korea and North Korea that occurred within the framework of the Cold War, between 1950 and 1953, due to political differences.

Both parties were supported by different world powers, for which two large groups were formed:

  • South Korea: supported by the military forces of the United States.
  • North Korea: supported by the military forces of the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China.

The Korean War was one of the most catastrophic war conflicts in history , with 15% of the North Korean population among its victims.

Before the Korean War broke out, after World War II , the Soviet Union and the United States had agreed to divide Korea into two parts : South Korea would remain in the hands of the United States while North Korea in the hands of the Union. Soviet.

After this decision, some diplomatic dialogues were held with the aim of reunifying Korea; However, on June 25, 1950,  North Korea decided to invade South Korea.

Faced with this invasion, the United States came to defend South Korea and in just two months managed to stop the invasions from the north. However, before this initiative, the People’s Republic of China sided with North Korea and entered into armed conflict against the United States and the south of the peninsula. 

By 1953, through an agreement that restored the border between North and South Korea, the war came to an end.

Today, following a UN intervention, both parties are separated by a 4-kilometer-wide border and continue to have a strong rivalry with each other.

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Characteristics of the Korean War

The characteristics that represent the Korean War are as follows:

  • The violence and chaos that made this war one of the bloodiest in history.
  • More than 3 million dead.
  • Strong social division by political ideals, which confront the two Koreas to this day.
  • The territorial ambitions and the strong political ideology of the superpowers that supported the sides.

Causes and consequences of the Korean war


Among the main causes of the Korean War we can highlight the following:

  • The constant problems that the two superpowers of World War II had with each other due to political ideologies and world domination.
  • The great rivalry that existed between North  Korea and South Korea.
  • The attempt to unify South Korea with North Korea by  invading the agreed borders.
  • The intervention of the two powers based on political and territorial interests, a product of the Second World War.


The main consequences of the Korean War are as follows:

  • Death of hundreds of civilians and military , with an approximate number of 3 million people.
  • After the apparent culmination of the war, through a peace treaty signed by both sides, a state of continuous alert was generated between the two nations, which continues to this day.
  • Political inequality between the two Koreas .

Who won the Korean war?

It is considered that the Korean War did not have a winner , since an agreement between the two sides was able to end the 3-year conflict.

Faced with the looming threat of the use of nuclear weapons by the United States and the ROC, the North Korean military surrendered. After several negotiations for territorial interests , an armistice was signed in July 1953, which indicated the end of the armed conflicts .

In this way, it was agreed between both parties to avoid military conflicts and a 4-kilometer-wide border was drawn between them.

To this day, there is no peace treaty that ends the tense political relationship between the two nations. 

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