What is Domination types and Max Weber and Michel Maffesoli


Domination is when someone exercises different types of actions or their power over another person, so that they do what the other wants. The one who dominates exercises so much power over the dominated that the latter recognizes him as authorized to do so.

It is when someone imposes their force or rules on another person, to the point that they control their attitudes, bending them and submitting them to their decisions. Many times the one who allows himself to be dominated acts in this way out of respect or fear.

Many times domination in the social sciences is a subject of study, especially for sociology , due to its relationship with human behavior , of a person or group of people, who using threat, force, pressure , etc., impose your rules and ideas on others.

Types of domination

Traditional domination

this type of domination is based on common belief and habits, which are not discussed, because they are considered sacred to the dominated, in this type of mandate the powers of the dominated are granted by the dominant.

Characteristics of this type of domination;

    • Antiquity: out of habit it has been applied for a long time.
    • Habit: the dominated are accustomed and it seems frequent to respect this type of domination and established procedures.
    • Inheritance: if one disappears, a new dominant is named according to the relationship of kinship and descent.

Charismatic domination

this is based on the charisma that the dominated role has, whose quality must enjoy supernatural, superhuman forces, or as sent by God, that is, it comes from a heroic act, the charisma will depend on those of recognition of the dominated and of the powers of the dominated in order to be valid.

Characteristics of this type of domination;

    • Obedience: from the dominated to the person or group that pretends to be the boss, domination is personal, which is why charisma is what prevails.
    • Strong subordination of the situations that allowed the rise to power, for example a coup or a war.
    • Instability: those in charge of the domain must find victories in order to remain in power, because otherwise the regime falls.

Legal rational domination

this is based on the belief of legitimacy and is governed by rules established by the association.

Characteristics of this type of domination;

    • Reasoning: the rules are taken rationally, directly by the people or their legitimate representatives.
    • The rules are developed in an abstract and impersonal way.
    • The dominated obey the rules that emanate from power, but not those who exercise power.

The State as an instrument of class domination

It is considered this way because it is one of the most complex social phenomena that have originated in human society, and to better understand it in the Marxist-Lennist theory of classes and the struggle of social classes, the essence is found to understand how the State originated and developed scientifically.

When humanity developed in primitive times, the figure of the State did not exist and there were no social classes, they themselves directed and administered their public affairs. As time passes, private property and economic differences appear, society is divided into antagonistic classes and public administrations undergo a radical transformation.

The exploiting classes appear, which seize the command posts, made up of a small minority, who in order to maintain themselves, resorted to force, to direct coercion and with this the armed groups, police and military, entities such as courts originated. , prisons, etc., always taking care of the interests of the exploiting class.

This is how the State originates as an instrument to dominate one class over others and the ruling class strengthens its social regime, which is why the State is the instrument of direction and government of the ruling class. The State is defined by the social class it serves, in this case the ruling class.

There are three types of states based on exploitation: slave, feudal , and bourgeois or capitalist , the latter being considered the most democratic and the one that offers more opportunities for social progress, although we can find different facets of the capitalist state.

Element of domination in the work of Max Weber

The element of domination in the work of Max Weber is the bureaucracy, which is considered a purer element of legal domination, which uses a bureaucratic administrative apparatus, made up of officials who work under certain criteria.

For Weber, pure bureaucratic administration is the most rational way to exercise domination, due to its stability, precision, discipline and security, it is universally applicable to all types of administrative work, due to its intensity, extension and efficiency of its actions.

All this makes bureaucracy indispensable in any public or private entity, capitalism being the one that developed bureaucracy.

Logic of domination and social power in Michel Maffesoli

Michel Maffesoli refers to the fact that the logic of domination is based on the fact that everything must be useful to the end , as has been done with nature, exploiting it to the point of destroying the human species.

With the logic of domination, it seeks to universalize the calculation criteria and homogenize the social relations and the subjects that make up the expansion of economic progress in the different spheres of social life.

The logic of domination is installed in the current fabrication of social mechanisms that are based on control, as methods of protection, of administration of the other, in order to protect economic progress, efficiency and productivity.

Regarding social power , this refers to social violence that is the result of a symbolization of power, which can be imperfect or is the return of the repressed, when the latter manifests itself it is as a criticism of the universal claim. and totalitarian logic of domination.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Back to top button