A fresco painting is done on a rustic surface, also called arricio. The name fresco, also known as fresco, comes from the Italian language, more specifically from the word affresco. What is Fresco art?
The pictorial technique predates the birth of Christ and is basically as follows: a mass of pure lime and sand is created on a wall and the artist paints his work when the surface is still fresh.
This type of painting is associated with a process of great technical complexity, as it is necessary to carry out all kinds of preparations, such as conditioning the wall surface, applying layers of lime of different thickness, wetting the wall with water or drawing an initial design . In specialized language, several technical terms are used, such as trusilar, arriciato and intonaco (each referring to an aspect of the preparation of the wall on which it will be painted).
In most works with this technique, the artist uses a reduced range of colors, as it must be taken into account that certain shades cannot be combined with lime. What is Fresco art?
To correctly apply the colors to the wetted wall, the artist must work quickly, safely and with great technical expertise. On the other hand, painters should take into account that the intensity of the color decreases when the lime dries.
Before painting over lime, painters usually create a design on cardboard or life-size wood, which will later be placed on the wall to lime the design. What is Fresco art?
The Sistine Chapel frescoes
Fresco painting has its origins in the Minoan culture of ancient Greece. This technique was recovered during the Renaissance , more especially in Italy.
The Sistine Chapel dome frescoes painted by Michelangelo Buonarroti are probably the most recognized in the history of universal art. The Italian artist began this solitary work , in 1508, at the request of Pope Julius II and completed his work four years later. What is Fresco art?
The frescoes are of spectacular dimensions (36 meters long and 13 meters wide, which equates to an area of over 500 square meters). All of his creations in the Sistine Chapel are related to the biblical accounts collected in the book of Genesis.